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GERMANY
  A. MARKETS FOR FRESH FRUITS AND VEGETABLES
  1. Market Trends and Opportunities
  1.1 Market Opportunities
  Major items produced in Germany are apples, grapes (mostly used for wine making), plums, pears, currants, strawberries, cabbages, carrots, onions, cucumbers, cauliflower, asparagus, etc. National production is almost stable for the past few years and is forecasted to remain far short of domestic consumption. Though turnover of bananas through Hamburg port has expanded the neighbouring countries such as Belgium and the Netherlands having better port facilities and traditional trading connections act as intermediaries in supplying imported fruits and vegetables to Germany. The market opportunities are:
 
  • Germany is the fourth largest market and major importer of fruits and vegetables in the EU, but the developing countries have a very small market share in Germany.
 
  • Fruits consumption particularly exotics type like pineapples and mangoes is growing, and with the decrease in price in 2005 consumption of these two items increased by 15% and 11% respectively. One of the reasons for decrease in price is selling through discount stores.
 
  • Domestic production of fruits and vegetables are declining over the past five years.
 
  • Fresh fruits imports from developing countries are decreasing in value but increasing in volume.
 
  • Bulk of imports into Germany come through other EU countries, representing reexport originated in developing countries.
 
  • There is a growing demand for off-seasons vegetables.
 
  • In Northern parts of Germany diets are more diverse and wide variations of foreign dishes are used due to the dominance of immigrants also.
 
  • Normally people are price conscious but there is a group of consumers who demand high quality non-traditional exotic and organic produce and are willing to pay high prices for value.
1.2 Consumption
  Total sales of fruits and vegetables in Germany amounted to Euro 8.1 billion (ICC). Total household and out home consumption of fruits was 112 kg per household and that of vegetables was 84.3 kg per household in 2006 (ZMP 2006 http://www.zmp.de ).
  German fresh fruits consumption was 90.8 kgs per household in 2005 and consumption of vegetables was 64.3 Kgs per household (Table I). Total consumption of fresh fruits (household, out-of-home and industrial) in 2005 was 8.4 million tonnes that represent a decrease of by 3 per cent over the year 2001. Total consumption of vegetables was 5.9 million tonnes that also decreased by 7 per cent over the year 2001.
  Table I: Consumption in Kg / year of Selected Fruits and Vegetables in Germany
Items 2004 2005 Items 2004 2005
Fresh fruits 89.8 90.8 Fresh Vegetables 65.8 64.3
Apples 21.5 21.9 Tomatoes 10.9 10.5
Bananas 17.7 16.5 Carrots 7.2 7.6
Grapes 5.9 5.9 Cucumbers 7.4 7.4
Pineapples 2.2 2.5 Onions 7.1 6.9
Mangoes 0.6 0.6 Peppers 4.9 5.2
Others 41.9 43.4 Others 28.3 26.7

Source: ZMP, 2006

  The most popular fruits in Germany are apples, representing 17.2 per cent of total fruit consumption in 2006, bananas (10.4 %), and organs (6.8%). Tropical exotic fruits gaining popularity are pineapples and mangoes, their consumption increased by 15 and 11 per cent
and price decreased by 11 and 3 per cent respectively. The consumption of such fruits is likely to rise further. The main reason for decrease in prices is the sales of such exotic through the discount stores throughout Germany.
  In 2005 tomatoes is the most popular vegetable accounting for 16 per cent of total national vegetable consumption. Consumption shares of carrots and cucumbers each were 12 per cent. Consumption of sweet peppers increased with the decrease in price by 10 per cent. Discount
stores are important outlets for vegetables also.
2. Import Analysis
  In 2006 total imports of fresh fruits were Euro 3.5 billion and 4.7 million tonnes and total imports of vegetables were Euro 2.7 billion and 2.6 million tonnes. In 2006 import volumes of fruits and vegetables decreased by 4 and 9 per cent respectively over the year 2002.
European suppliers heavily dominate the German market, representing 86 per cent of total fruit imports and 98 per cent of total vegetable imports. The largest suppliers of fruits in Germany are Spain (22%), Italy (20%) The Netherlands (17), Belgium (13%) and France
(6%). The major supplier of vegetables to Germany are The Netherlands (44%), Spain (24%), Italy (11%), and Belgium.
  Bananas (19% of total import value), pineapples (13%), grapes (11%), peaches and nectarine (8%), oranges (7%), dates and mangoes and guavas are the main import items of Germany (Table II).
  Germany is the second largest importer of bananas after Belgium. In 2006 about 55% of total import was directed from developing countries. Between 2002 and 2006 import decreased in value by 13% but increased in volume by 25%. Belgium suppled 30% of total imports followed be Ecuador (19%), Panama (13%) and Colombia (12%).
  About 70 per cent of pineapples imports were via other EU countries like the Netherlands, Belgium, France and Spain. Main suppliers in developing countries are Costa Rica and Ecuador. In 2006 imports from developing countries amounted 39,000 tonnes with a value of
Euro 34 million. Between 2002 and 2006 import increased by 574 per cent in value and 900 per cent in terms of volume.In 2006 about 15,000 tonnes of grapes valued at Euro 17 million was imported in Garmany. This represents increases by 20 per cent in value and 26 per cent in volume compared to 2002. India, Turkey and South Africa are the major suppliers in developing countries.

Table II Germany - Imports of Selected Fresh Fruits and Leading Suppliers

Product Value in EuroMillion 2002 Value in EuroMillion 2006 Leading Suppliers and their marketshares in % of value in 2006
  Total Developing Countries Total Developing Countries  
All Fruits 3607 526 3539 496 Spin 22, Italy 20, the Netherlands 17, Belgium 13, France 6, Ecuador 3.9, Costa Rica 2.5, Panama 2.4, Colombia 2.4, Brazil 0.4
Bananas(19%) 772 423 678 368
Belgium 30, the Netherlands 7, France 4.9, Italy 1.9, Ecuador 19, Colombia 12,
Panama 13, Costa Rica 10.
Grapes(12%) 359 14 401 17
The Netherlands 31, Italy 28, Greece 12, Belgium 10, Spain 8, India 1, Turkey 0.9, S. Africa 0.8, Ecuador 0.6.
Exotic(6%) 153 21 209 54
The Netherlands 42, Belgium 11, France 11, Spain 4, Italy 2, Costa Rica 9,
Ecuador 6, Tunisia 4.3, Brazil 1.3, Thailand 0.9
Product Value in EuroMillion 2002 Value in EuroMillion 2006 Leading Suppliers and their marketshares in % of value in 2006
  Total Developing Countries Total Developing Countries  
Pineapples 65 13 94 27 The Netherlands 33, Belgium 26, France 10, Ecuador 18, Costa Rica 8, S. Africa 0.6, Togo 0.4, Sri Lanka 0.4.
Mangoesand guavas 25 7 42 6
The Netherlands 64, France 15, Spain 3.5, Brazil 2.6, Pakistan 2.6, Thailand
2.5, Ecuador 1.1.

Source: Eurostat 2006

  Tomatoes (29%), sweet peppers (16%), cucumbers (12%), lettuce (9%), onions, and carrots are the major imported vegetables of Germany (Table III). The important items being imported from developing countries are mushroom, sweet pepper, beans, onions, asparagus, cucumbers, peas and shallots. Mushroom was supplied entirely from eastern European countries. Total import from developing countries was less than 5000 tonnes but volume of import is gradually increasing. Major developing country suppliers are Belarus, Russia, Turkey and Morocc. Between 2003 and 2005 import value from developing countries decreased by 22 per cent.
Product Value in EuroMillion 2002 Value in EuroMillion 2006 Leading Suppliers and their marketshares in % of value in 2006
  Total Developing Countries Total Developing Countries  
All Vegetables 2824 41 2718 56
The Netherlands 44, Spain 24, Italy 11, France 7, Belgium 5, Belarus 0.4, Turkey 0.3, Morocco 0.2, Egypt 0.2, Kenya 0.2.
Tomatoes 830 1 779 1
The Netherlands 53, Spain 21, Italy 9, Belgium 9, France 4.7, Turkey 0.9
Beans and 33 6 38 10

The Netherlands 38, Spain 12, Belgium 9, France 6, Italy 4.3, Kenya 12, Egypt
12, Guatemala 0.8, Thailand 0.5, Dominica Republic 0.4
Product Value in EuroMillion 2002 Value in EuroMillion 2006 Leading Suppliers and their marketshares in % of value in 2006
  Total Developing Countries Total Developing Countries  
Mushroom 74 19 44 14
The Netherlands 24, Poland 16, Lithunia 7, Russia 12, Bulgaria 3, Romania 2.6,
Belarus 24, Ukraine 2.8, Turkey 1.7, South Africa 1.5, China 1.2, Serbia 1.2.
Sweetpeppers 8461 2.4 415 7

The Netherlands 48, Spain 39, France 3, Morocco 0.9, Thailand 0.4,
Beans 26 4.2 29 5.1

The Netherlands 35, Spain 20, Italy 10, Egypt 11, Kenya 4.8, Thailand 0.5
Onions andshallots 105 2.4 78 2.8
The Netherlands 34, Spain 26, Italy 10, New Zealand 5, Australia 3.9, Egypt 1.1.
Peas 6 1.8 10 2.5 The Netherlands 64, Belgium 5, Italy 2.3, Kenya 20, Egypt 1.9, Guatemala 1.6.

Source: Eurostat 2006

3. Trade and Consumer’s Preference
  Discount stores are flourishing. German consumers are notoriously price conscious. Therefore, the trend of increasing sales through discount stores is still continuing. In 2003 average household spending on food and drink was Euro 255 representing just 12 per cent of total budget, lowest in the EU. According to the newspaper Welt Am Sonntag, 62 per cent of total consumer emphasis on price rather than on the quality.
  Organic market is growing. In 2005 about 14 per cent growth was reported with the sale of organic product recording Euro 4 billion, 2.3 per cent of total food sales.
  Exotics and lesser-known species peaked. Discount stores also promoted exotics and lesser-known imported items.
  o Health concern receives more attention. Nutritional value and health benefits of fruits and vegetables have been well recognized. There are also groups what are interested in high quality, high price, non-traditional, exotic and healthy fruits and vegetables.
4. Legislative Requirements
  Requirements are defined through legislation and through labels, codes and management systems. These are based on environmental, consumer health and safety and social concerns.
4.1 Tariffs : Refer http://www.cbi.nl/marketinfo
4 .2 Non-tariffs: Refer report on EU Market for FFVs
5. Non-legislative Requirements
5.1 Grading, Packaging, Marking and Labelling
  Packaging, marking and labeling are subject to the EU marketing standard. Standards are applicable only for selected fruits and vegetables refer http://www.cib.eu/marketinfo/cbi?action=showDetails&id=1869 Additional information on packaging are found at ITC webpage http://www.intracen.org/ep/packaging/packit.htm
  In Germany goods should be securely packed giving due consideration to nature of produce, means of transport, and likely climatic conditions during transit and delivery. German packaging regulations require supplier of goods to arrange for retrievel and recycling of transport and sales packaging. The environmental mark the “Green Spot” (Der gruene punkt) informs the consumer sthat the packaging can be recycled. Exporter to Germany should contact Duales System Deutschland regarding the measure http://www.gruener-punkt.de Labelling on pre-packed food must indicate in Germany the followings: (a) The product’s trade name, (b) The minimum shelf life, ( c) A list of the ingredients, and (d) Name
of producer/packer or distributor (Austrade 2007)
5.2 Trading Practices
  Trade Structure: The Germany Hamburg Port is an important entry point for fresh fruits and vegetables imported directly into Germany. Many imported items destined for the German markets are transported by land or waterway from the ports of Rotterdam (The Netherlands)
and Antwerp (Belgium). Lufthansa also brings fresh cargo from different sources or origins. Trade Channels: Large supermarkets, such as Edeka, Aldi and Lidl have their own import companies that handle imports of fresh fruits and vegetables in Germany. Some of the large
importers are:
  Edeka Fruchtkontor: http:// www.edeka.de/EDEKA/Content/DE/AboutUs/ Unternehmen /Fruchtkontor/index.jsp
  Atlanta Gruppe, http://www.atlanta.de
  Cobana Fruchtring GmbH, http://www.cobana-fruchtring.com
  OGL Food Trade Lebensmittelvertrieb GmbH, www.oql-foodtrade.com
  Dole Fresh Fruit Europe oHG, www.doleeurope.com
  Aldi: http://www.aldi.de
  Lidl: http://www.lidl.de
  Retail Trade: In 2005, 52 per cent of fruit and 51 per cent of vegetables were brought in discount stores in Germany. The sales promotion of discount stores has a strong influence over the consumers. Almost 61 per cent of total bananas were sold from discount stores. The
minor exotics such as kakis, physalis, lychees are sold mostly through these discount stores. Hyper market share of fruits and vegetables is about 25 per cent and super market share is 11 per cent, and street market / green grocers share about 9 per cent of total transactions of fruits and vegetables.
6. Other Market Information
  Selecting a suitable trading partner. The business environment in Germany is formal. Business talks are initially oriented to building trust and come with an agreement after a series of talk. All components of agreement are talked in detailed and documented formally. Punctuality and preciseness in follow up on agreement are important. Sales promotion: Visiting or participation in a trade fair is an important promotional means in Germany. The Fruit Logistica is held every February in Berlin (http://www.fruitlogistica.com). Other important sources of information and promotion are ZMP. http://www.zmp.de and Fruchthandel weekly http://www.fruchthandel.de
  Other Sources of Information
1 Institution Type ofInformation Web-page
2 EU-Help Desk Tariffs regulationsEC 2200/96 http://www.export-help.cec.eu.int/
5 EUEurostat Trade statistics http://www.epp.eurostat.cec.eu.int/
6 Infaogro Market infor. http://www.infaogro.com
  Agribusinessonline Price information http://www.agribusinessonline.com
  DFHV German Fresh ProduceAssociation http://www.dfhv.de
  Fruch Thandel Magazine http://www.fruchthandel.de
  German Retail Weekly http://www.lebensmittelzeitung.com
  Fruch Portal Magazine http://www.fruchtportal.de
10 Fruit Logistica Promotion andFairs http://www.fruitlogistica.com
11 Market Place forFresh Produce Contacts http://www.freshinfo.com
12 Food MarketExchange Marketinformation http://www.foodmarketexchange.com
13 B2B market place Contacts http://www.foodtraders.com
14 Europages Contacts http://www.europages.com
15 Market for Fresh Produces Contacts and prices http://www.agromarketplace.com
16 Fresh Plaza Contacts http://www.freshplaza.com
17 FAO 2006, FAOSTAT Data on Ag.Production and trades http://www.faostat.fao.org
18 CBI Market Access http://www.cbi.nl/marketinfo/
19 CBI Packaging, marking and labeling http://www.cbi.nl/marketinfo/cbi?action=showdetails&id=1869
20 ITC Packaging http://www.intracen.org/ep/packaging/packit.htm
  Detailed Analysis Market for Fresh Fruits and Vegetables
  1. Market Opportunities and Consumption
  In Germany in the last five years Grapes import value has increased by 43% and the quantity import decreased by 5%. The unit price of grapes in 2003 was USD 1,320 per ton which has gone up by USD 1,993 per ton in the year 2007. The market for mango has gone up tremendously in the five years time. The value of the mango has increased by 98% and volume increased by 46% in five years. The unit price of mango in 2003 was US $ 1,157 per ton which has increased to US $ 1,567 per ton in 2007.
  Similarly the market for chilli has not increased so much in the five year time. Import of chilli remained same for the five years whereas the price of the chilli has gone up by 52%. In the year 2003 the unit price of Chilli was US $ 1,789 per ton which has increased to US $ 2,659 per ton in 2007. In
the five years time from 2003 – 2007 the market of pineapple has increased tremendously. The import of pineapple has increased by 153% in value and 151% in quantity in the five year. The unit price of pineapple was US $ 1,046 per ton in 2003 which has remained same and the unit price in 2007 is US $ 1,055 per ton.
  Summary Table: Import of Fresh fruits and Vegetables in Fresh fruit and Vegetables Market
Product 2003 Value in EuroMillion 2006 ValueChange in%in 2006 Change in% Major Sources and Share in % and other information
  Value in $’000 Value in $’000      
  Qty in Tons Qty in Tons      
  Value Qty Value Qty Value Qty  
Grapes 426,668 323,112 611,954 307,051 43% 5% Italy (32%), South Africa (14%), Greece (12.5%)
  Average Yearly Unit Price $ 1,320 per ton in 2003
$ 1,383 per ton in 2004
$ 1,411per ton in 2005
$ 1,551per ton in 2006$ 1,993per ton in 2007
Mango 36,966 31,937 73,305 46,761 98% 46% Brazil (37%), South Africa (15%), Peru (12.5%)
  Average Yearly Unit Price $ 1,157per ton in 2003
$ 1,316 per ton in 2004
$ 1,395 per ton in 2005
$ 1,478 per ton in 2006
$ 1,567per ton in 2007
Chilli 483,110 269,954 738,620 277,776 52% 2% Netherlands (51%), Spain (30%), Israel (8%),
  Average Yearly Unit Price $ 1,789 per ton in 2003
$ 1,980 per ton in 2004
$ 1,789 per ton in 2005
$ 1,980 per ton in 2006
$ 2,659per ton in 2007
Pineapple 69,765 66,641 176,709 167,416 153% 151% Costa Rica (65%), Cote d Ivoire ( 8%), Ecuador (10%)
  Average Yearly Unit Price $ 1,046 per ton in 2003
$1,097 per ton in 2004
$ 956 per ton in 2005
$ 984 per ton in 2006
$ 1,055 per ton in 2007
2. Import Analysis
  Grapes
  Germany imported US$ 612 million worth of grapes in 2007 that represent an increase in import value by 12% per cent over the year 2006. Records show that India started exporting commercially fresh grapes to Germany with annual values of export recorded at US$ 8018 thousands in 2003 that increased to $ 11,086 thousands in 2007. The Germany imports grapes from 28 countries. In 2006 top five exporters of grapes to the Germany are Italy (33 % of total import value), Brazil (10%), South Africa (14%), Greece (12.5%) and Chile (7%).
Annual import growth rate of grapes in Germany recorded at 13% in value and 5% in volume for the period of 5 years during 2002 and 2006. Average unit price of imported grapes recorded at US$ 1,552 per ton in 2006. The Graph below shows the fluctuation of Unit Price in one year period. The price in the figure is US $ per ton.

  Lychee
  The recent available data indicates that Germany imported US$ 10,070 thousands value of lychees and other similar fruits in 2007 that represent a decline in import value by 18% per cent over the year 2006. Record shows that India started exporting fresh lychees to Germany with annual values of export recorded at US$ 4000 in 2003 to 3000 in 2007. The Germany imports lychees from over 30 countries. In 2007 top exporters of lychee to the Germany are Netherlands (60 % of total import value), France (32%) & Thailand 3.5%.
  Mango
  The total import value of mangoes in Germany in the year 2007 is US $ 73,305 thousands. This represents an increase of 28% over the year 2006. Germany total imports of manago in 2003 were US $ 36,966 thousands value which increased to US $ 73,305 thousands in 2007. The increments in quantity of mango imports were from 31,937 tons in 2003 to 46,761 tons in 2007. Germany imports mangoes from over 30 countries. The top exporters to the Germany in 2006 are Brazil (38%), South Africa (15%), Peru (12%), and Israel (4%). The Annual import growth rate of Mango in Germany is 8% in value and 5% in the volume for the period of 5 years from 2002 and 2006. Average unit price of imported mangoes recorded at US$ 1,479 per ton in 2006. Below graph shows the fluctuation in unit price in the period of one year.
  Monthly Unit price of Mango in Germany

  Chilli
  The total import value of chilli in Germany in the year 2007 is US $ 738,620 thousands value of chilli. This represents an increase of 20% over the year 2006. Germany total imports of chilli in 2003 were US $ 483,110 thousands value which increased to US $ 738,620 thousands in 2007. The increments in quantity of chilli imports were from 269,954 tons in 2003 to 277,776 tons in 2007. Germany imports chillies from over 50 countries. The top exporters to the Germany in 2006 are Netherlands (51%), Spain (31%) and Israel (8%). The Annual import growth rate of Chilli in Germany is 10% in value and 2% in the volume for the period of 5 years from 2002 and 2006. Average unit price of imported chillies recorded at US$ 1,980 per ton in 2006. Below graph shows the fluctuation in unit price in the period of one year.
Monthly Unit price of Chilli in Germany

  Pineapple
  Germany imported US$177 million worth of pineapples in 2007 this represent an increase in import value by 15.37% over the year 2006. Germany imported pineapple valued US $ 69,765 thousands in the year 2003 and increased to US $ 176,709 thousands in the year 2007. Similarly in quantity it was 66,641 tons in 2003 which has increased to 167,416 tons in 2007. The Germany imports pineapples from over 30 countries. In 2006 top exporters of pineapple to the Germany are Costa Rica (65%), Ecuador (7%), Honduras (3%), and ‘Côte d’Ivoire (8%). Annual import growth rate of pineapples in Germany recorded at 23% in value and 22% in volume for the period of 5 years from 2002 and 2006. Average unit price of imported pineapples recorded at US$ 984 per ton in 2006. Below graph shows the fluctuation of unit price in the period of one year. Unit price in USD per ton of pinepple in the year 2007

a. Grapes
Table I Imports of Grapes in 2003 – 2007 USD thousands

Exporters Imported value in 2003 Imported value in2004 Imported value in2005 Imported value in2006 Imported value in2007
'World 426,668 465,604 554,422 546,125 611,954
'Italy 165,849 138,107 187,633 178,311 204,682
'Brazil 4,920 41,797 42,376 57,011 97,185
'South Africa 55,784 75,822 83,893 77,239 71,941
'Greece 52,055 57,175 67,936 68,152 64,694
'Chile 44,370 42,041 46,203 39,142 41,854
Argentina 32,734 37,957 41,776 39,570 40,827
''Spain 39,135 28,887 30,613 32,193 30,684
'Egypt 2,057 3,217 6,625 8,614 18,749
Turkey 11,461 19,303 19,268 15,698 15,614
''India 8,018 6,517 10,840 13,348 11,086
'Morocco 1,930 3,028 2,165 4,025 5,988
'France 4,099 4,051 2,824 5,344 2,844
'Peru 238 200 381 768 1,254
Namibia 1,661 2,398 6,425 2,112 1,208
Belgium 0 0 0 0 1,195
'Cyprus 916 543 310 1,956 796
'Australia 275 1,340 1,749 1,076 592

Table – II Imports of Grapes in 2003 – 2007 in Quantity in Tons

Exporters 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Imported quantity, Tons Imported quantity, Tons Imported quantity, Tons Imported quantity, Tons Imported quantity, Tons
'World 323,112 336,478 392,750 351,914 307,051
'Italy 148,596 124,340 167,972 129,667 117,084
South Africa 33,509 46,541 46,364 45,364 37,443
'Brazil 2,680 19,953 19,113 26,107 31,440
'Greece 35,039 41,235 48,234 41,874 28,343
Argentina 21,185 24,129 24,920 26,387 24,626
Chile 25,896 25,679 24,869 24,717 21,993
'Turkey 12,079 18,572 19,426 16,413 14,196
'Spain 32,790 23,469 23,733 20,012 14,139
'Egypt 1,158 1,863 3,782 4,313 6,429
''India 3,942 3,499 5,752 7,467 5,334
'Morocco 1,113 1,412 1,277 2,698 2,693
'France 3,064 2,415 1,773 3,091 1,291
'Peru 133 79 162 399 569
Namibia 671 900 2,639 1,299 342

Table - III Imports of Grapes in 2006

Exporters imported value 2006 usd thousand trade balance 2006 in usd thousand share spain in imports imported quantity 2006 (in tons) Unit
value,
(USD/
unit)
Imported
growth in
value
between
2002-2006,%, p.a.
mported
growth in
value
between
2002-2006,%, p.a.
mported
growth in
value
between
2005-2006,%, p.a.
Total export
growth in
value of
partner
countries
between
2002-2006, %,
p.a.
World 546,125 -450,160 100 351,914 1,552 13 5 -1 13
'Italy 178,311 -173,715 32.7 129,667 1,375 4 -3 -5 4
'South
Africa
77,239 -77,239 14.1 45,364 1,703 17 11 -8 21
Greece 68,152 -67,956 12.5 41,874 1,628 18 13 0 19
Brazil 57,011 57,011 10.4 26,107 2,184 109 90 35 36
'Argentina 39,570 -39,570 7.2 26,387 1,500 10 9 5 20
'Chile 39,142 -39,142 7.2 24,717 1,584 13 12 -15 7
Spain 32,193 -30,313 5.9 20,012 1,609 0 -10 5 11
Turkey 15,698 -15,698 2.9 16,413 956 8 4 -19 27
'India 13,348 13,348 2.4 7,467 1,788 35 37 23 34
Egypt 8,614 -8,614 1.6 4,313 1,997 49 47 30 42
'France 5,344 -1,182 1 3,091 1,729 23 12 89 15
Morocco 4,025 -4,025 0.7 2,698 1,492 35 43 86 64
Namibia 2,112 -2,112 0.4 1,299 1,626 20 24 -67 53
'Cyprus 1,956 -1,956 0.4 822 2,380 0 -9 531 -21
'Australia 1,076 -1,076 0.2 443 2,429 34 35 -38 6
'Peru 768 768 0.1 399 1,925 113 77 102 23
''Israel 716 -716 0.1 377 1,899 3 3 -65 21
'Netherlan
ds
197 14,569 0 92 2,141     885 26
UnitedStates ofAmerica 138 -138 0 43 3,209 -49 -56 1625 9

Table – IV Imports of Grapes in Monthly USD thousands

Exporters 2007-M01 2007-M02 2007-M03 2007-M04 2007-M05 2007-M06 2007-M7 2007-M8 2007-M9 2007-M10 2007-M11 2007-M12
'World 27,408 68,885 35,963 45,545 32,709 31,887 40,330 70,217 64,721 83,878 63,567 5,079
'Brazil 478 0 0 0 22 96 0 0 0 80 688 4,907
'Turkey 41 11 0 0 0 0 0 452 446 363 62 44
'South
Africa
1,436 1,929 1,510 1,707 304 31 0 0 0 0 0 29
'Spain 1,151 1,554 908 2,889 1,308 914 4,248 8,544 8,959 7,225 4,186 0
'Argentina 116 4,070 1,496 190 231 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
'Austria 1,111 234 92 64 53 12 27 1,063 3,590 2,963 4,519 0
'Belgium 5,474 8,931 6,105 9,335 3,007 2,413 2,147 2,398 0 831 2,276 0
'Egypt 0 0 0 0 564 4,506 3,208 635 22 0 0 0
'United
Kingdom
8 14 3,823 2,364 563 487 2,420 865 502 282 103 0

b. Lychees
Table – I Imports of Lychees from 2003 – 2007 in Value USD thousands

Exporters Imported value in 2003 Imported value in2004 Imported value in2005 Imported value in2006 Imported value in2007
'World 9,877 13,190 13,505 12,337 10,070
Netherlands 4,644 6,707 5,844 5,567 6,053
'France 3,092 4,300 6,649 5,354 3,260
'Thailand 236 177 252 487 357
'Italy 110 55 3 32 138
'South Africa 197 7 188 702 84
'Spain 184 86 72 52 57
Belgium 1,279 1,745 380 53 55
'Mauritius 0 0 6 14 35
'Viet Nam 88 84 41 23 14
'Sri Lanka 3 11 13 8 4
'Austria 2 3 11 9 4
'India 4 14 7 3 3
'Malaysia 1 0 0 19 2
'Australia 0 0 0 0 1
'Colombia 0 2 0 2 1
'Bangladesh 0 0 1 0 1
'Slovakia 0 0 0 0 1

c. Mangoes
Table I Imports of Mangoes from 2003 -2007 in Value USD thousands

Exporters Imported value in 2003 Imported value in2004 Imported value in2005 Imported value in2006 Imported value in2007
'World 36,966 43,067 54,689 57,235 73,305
'Brazil 15,755 19,400 23,756 21,160 27,875
'South Africa 9,455 7,886 9,066 8,384 10,969
'Peru 1,138 3,360 3,865 7,116 8,711
'Israel 1,047 478 4,532 2,447 3,258
'Kenya 126 71 776 3,548 3,119
'Côte d'Ivoire 787 1,769 1,083 1,137 2,749
'Thailand 1,240 1,004 1,341 1,805 2,276
'Spain 24 122 151 434 1,846
'Pakistan 1,377 1,107 1,309 1,583 1,791
'United States
of America
341 810 550 415 1,226
'Costa Rica 718 1,080 1,187 1,972 1,175
Burkina Faso 747 465 895 1,042 1,122

Table – II Imports of Mangoes from 2003 -2007 in Quantity in Tons

Exporters 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Imported quantity, Tons Imported quantity, Tons Imported quantity, Tons Imported quantity, Tons Imported quantity, Tons
'World 31,937 32,708 39,190 38,709 46,761
'Brazil 15,878 16,984 19,354 16,250 19,865
'Peru 1,091 2,690 3,745 5,748 6,996
South Africa 8,356 5,241 5,673 5,016 6,318
Kenya 84 43 641 2,228 2,096
'Côte d'Ivoire 636 1,256 770 802 1,901
'Spain 8 52 118 303 940
Ecuador 1,282 1,335 1,233 1,049 863
'United States
of America
379 810 456 201 862
'Israel 894 301 2,169 888 858
Pakistan 764 641 740 737 797
'Costa Rica 386 684 798 1,182 688

d. Chillies
Table I Imports of Chillies from 2003 – 2007 USD thousands

Exporters Imported value in 2003 Imported value in2004 Imported value in2005 Imported value in2006 Imported value in2007
'World 483,110 558,874 561,610 610,903 738,620
Netherlands 227,394 233,451 232,380 309,966 342,722
'Spain 204,129 248,516 228,515 185,576 190,387
'Israel 10,202 24,429 34,033 49,702 124,224
'Hungary 12,367 13,211 15,754 19,438 18,989
Morocco 373 1,878 6,264 8,550 15,762
'Turkey 7,534 13,640 16,534 12,499 14,132
'Greece 9,728 10,100 13,182 8,166 11,235
''Italy 3,316 5,377 4,796 6,973 8,626
'Belgium 4,151 3,374 3,105 2,918 3,646
'Thailand 767 856 2,395 1,369 1,840
'France 1,583 1,728 1,009 1,950 1,526
'Poland 247 321 713 792 1,355
Egypt 237 576 1,038 800 1,134

Table II Imports of Chillies from 2003 – 2007 in Quantity in Tons

Exporters 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Imported quantity, Tons Imported quantity, Tons Imported quantity, Tons Imported quantity, Tons Imported quantity, Tons
'World 269,954 282,177 313,811 308,513 277,776
Netherlands 99,574 103,670 118,703 125,401 119,944
Spain 135,181 130,745 133,953 116,453 82,117
Israel 4,898 9,292 14,213 22,116 33,962
Hungary 11,633 12,656 15,929 16,985 12,595
Turkey 6,879 12,069 12,279 9,427 8,653
Morocco 224 1,129 3,783 4,827 6,777
Greece 4,802 4,879 6,653 4,471 4,378
Italy 2,490 3,008 3,446 3,672 3,774
Belgium 1,945 1,756 1,694 1,228 1,563
Poland 247 430 583 883 917

e. Pineapples
Table I - Imports of Pineapples from 2003 – 2007 in Value USD thousands

Exporters Imported value in 2003 Imported value in2004 Imported value in2005 Imported value in2006 Imported value in2007
'World 69,765 96,036 121,670 153,165 176,709
'Costa Rica 20,335 37,572 63,403 99,710 115,576
'Ecuador 12,278 17,422 22,250 15,179 13,100
Honduras 3,321 3,684 4,814 5,324 10,614
'Côte d'Ivoire 24,066 26,322 15,639 12,642 10,555
'South Africa 2,345 1,396 2,927 8,079 8,237
'Panama 145 695 1,395 1,623 4,769
Spain 0 11 24 0 2,924
Brazil 408 480 357 1,401 2,266
'Sri Lanka 313 528 642 781 1,008
'Thailand 1,132 461 477 576 780
'Uganda 121 199 295 349 590
'France 361 597 710 633 534
'Guatemala 45 153 307 574 435

Table – II Imports of Pineapples from 2003 – 2007 in Quantity in Tons

Exporters 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Imported quantity, Tons Imported quantity, Tons Imported quantity, Tons Imported quantity, Tons Imported quantity, Tons
'World 66,641 87,502 127,181 155,635 167,416
'Costa Rica 17,959 31,685 69,306 102,005 113,906
'Ecuador 10,405 14,886 21,532 17,234 11,754
Honduras 3,463 3,658 5,700 5,238 10,171
'Côte d'Ivoire 27,579 28,191 16,538 12,639 9,032
'South Africa 1,563 792 2,163 7,209 6,963
'Panama 113 701 1,457 2,437 5,681
'Ghana 4,228 5,508 6,898 3,543 3,082
'Spain 0 10 28 0 2,234
'Brazil 332 295 216 971 1,743
'Guatemala 14 121 467 677 466
'Thailand 240 256 296 337 396

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