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Field Listing :: Reserves of foreign exchange and gold
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This entry gives the dollar value for the stock of all financial assets that are available to the central monetary authority for use in meeting a country's balance of payments needs as of the end-date of the period specified. This category includes not only foreign currency and gold, but also a country's holdings of Special Drawing Rights in the International Monetary Fund, and its reserve position in the Fund.
Country Comparison to the World
Country
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold
Afghanistan $5.268 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
$4.174 billion (2010 est.)
Albania $2.6 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$2.473 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Algeria $191.6 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$183.1 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Angola $33.41 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$26.48 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Argentina $43.25 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$46.35 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Armenia $1.799 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$1.932 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Australia $49.22 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$46.83 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Austria $27.21 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$25.16 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Azerbaijan $11.28 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$10.27 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Bahamas, The $846.9 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$1.07 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Bahrain $4.853 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$4.245 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Bangladesh $12.75 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$9.192 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Barbados $773.1 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$812.6 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Belarus $5.809 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$6.011 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Belgium $30.77 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$29.43 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Belize $289.9 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$237.1 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Benin $859.4 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$887.4 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Bolivia $13.93 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$12.02 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina $4.283 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$4.15 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Botswana $7.839 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$8.082 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Brazil $373.1 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$352 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Bulgaria $20.5 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$17.27 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Burkina Faso $1.025 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$957 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Burma $7.551 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$7.017 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Burundi $308.8 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$295.5 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Cambodia $4.938 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$4.069 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Cameroon $3.431 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$3.245 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Canada $68.55 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$65.82 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Cape Verde $376 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$339 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Chad $1.174 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$968.1 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Chile $41.65 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$41.94 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
China $3.341 trillion (31 December 2012 est.)
$3.213 trillion (31 December 2011 est.)
Colombia $37 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$31.91 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the $1.633 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$1.268 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Congo, Republic of the $6.091 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$5.658 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Costa Rica $6.857 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$4.756 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire $3.928 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$4.316 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Croatia $14.81 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$14.48 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Cuba $4.693 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$4.393 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Cyprus $1.207 billion (2011 est.)
$1.207 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Czech Republic $44.88 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$40.29 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Denmark $89.7 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$85.05 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Dominica $85 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$81.12 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Dominican Republic $3.579 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$4.117 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Ecuador $2.483 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$2.958 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Egypt $14.93 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$17.66 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
El Salvador $3.176 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$2.504 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Equatorial Guinea $4.035 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$3.054 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Eritrea $180.6 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$114.8 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Estonia $246.4 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$207.5 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Ethiopia $3.166 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$3.102 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
European Union $812.1 billion (31 December 2011)
note: $863.8 billion (31 December 2011); this includes reserves held by the European Central Bank and euro-zone national central banks; it excludes reserves for non-euro-area members of the EU
Fiji $1.007 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$833.5 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Finland $11.08 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$10.35 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
France $184.5 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$171.9 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Gabon $2.373 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$2.177 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Gambia, The $236.2 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$223.2 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Georgia $2.873 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$2.818 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Germany $248.9 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$238.9 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Ghana $5.705 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$5.805 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Greece $7.255 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$6.9 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Guatemala $6.694 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$6.184 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Guinea $174.3 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$111.8 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Guyana $864 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$801.8 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Haiti $1.287 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$1.197 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Honduras $2.533 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$2.793 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Hong Kong $317.4 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$285.4 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Hungary $44.67 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$48.84 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Iceland $4.192 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$8.55 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
India $297.8 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$297.9 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Indonesia $112.8 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$110.1 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Iran $69.86 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$79.86 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Iraq $70.33 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$61.04 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Ireland $1.707 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$1.703 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Israel $75.91 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$74.87 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Italy $181.7 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$173.3 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Jamaica $1.981 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$2.282 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Japan $1.268 trillion (31 December 2012 est.)
$1.296 trillion (31 December 2011 est.)
Jordan $8.829 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$12.11 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Kazakhstan $28.28 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$29.33 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Kenya $5.712 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$4.265 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Kiribati
$8.37 million (2010 est.)
Korea, South $327 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$306.4 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Kosovo $NA
Kuwait $29 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$25.91 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Kyrgyzstan $2.066 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$1.835 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Laos $796.9 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$757.2 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Latvia $6.925 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$6.383 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Lebanon $52.5 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$48.14 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Lesotho $1.023 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$954.5 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Libya $117.2 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$105 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Lithuania $10.23 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$8.21 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Luxembourg $991 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$1.014 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Macau $16.6 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$34.03 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
note: the Fiscal Reserves Act that came into force on 1 January 2012 requires the fiscal reserve to be separated from the foreign exchange reserves and to be managed separately; the transfer of assets took place in February 2012
Macedonia $2.891 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$2.677 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Madagascar $1.191 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$1.279 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Malawi $245.9 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$213.1 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Malaysia $139.7 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$133.6 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Maldives $356 million (30 November 2012 est.)
$326 million (30 November 2011 est.)
Malta $704.9 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$515.5 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Mauritius $3.046 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$2.779 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Mexico $167.1 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$149.3 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Micronesia, Federated States of $75.06 million (31 December 2011 est.)
$75.06 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Moldova $2.511 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$1.965 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Montenegro $400 million (31 December 2011)
Montserrat $24.81 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Morocco $17.54 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$20.64 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Mozambique $2.77 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$2.469 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Namibia $1.746 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$1.778 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Nepal $3.631 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
$2.925 billion (2010 est.)
Netherlands $54.82 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$51.27 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
New Zealand $17.58 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$17.01 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Nicaragua $1.887 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$1.892 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Nigeria $46.41 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$35.21 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Norway $51.86 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$49.4 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Oman $14.75 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$14.37 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Pakistan $13.8 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$18.09 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Panama $3.303 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$2.304 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Papua New Guinea $4.001 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$4.323 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Paraguay $4.995 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$4.983 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Peru $64.17 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$48.93 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Philippines $83.83 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$75.3 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Poland $108.9 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$97.86 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Portugal $22.66 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$21.34 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Qatar $33.19 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$16.82 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Romania $46.67 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$48.3 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Russia $537.6 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$498.6 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Rwanda $1.035 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$1.05 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines $95 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$89.63 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Samoa $168.7 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$166.8 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe $51.58 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$51.3 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Saudi Arabia $656.9 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$541.1 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Senegal $2.082 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$1.946 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Serbia $14.13 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$15.6 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Seychelles $318.7 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$290.3 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Singapore $259.1 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$237.9 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Slovakia $2.519 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$2.462 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Slovenia $951.9 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$991.3 million (31 December 2011 est.)
South Africa $50.7 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$48.87 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Spain $50.59 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$47.1 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Sri Lanka $6.831 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$6.748 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Sudan $297.9 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$295 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Suriname $1.008 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$816.9 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Swaziland $741 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$600.5 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Sweden $52.23 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$50.35 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Switzerland $531.1 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$331.9 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Syria $4.774 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$14.83 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Taiwan $408.5 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$390.6 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Tajikistan $628.5 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$532.4 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Tanzania $4.053 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$3.726 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
note: excludes gold
Thailand $181.6 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$175.1 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Togo $441.6 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$774.3 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Tonga $152.4 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$143.3 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Trinidad and Tobago $9.897 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$10.5 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Tunisia $8.36 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$7.457 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Turkey $119.2 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$88.21 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Turkmenistan $20.2 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$18.9 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Uganda $3.169 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$2.617 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
note: excludes gold
Ukraine $24.55 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$31.79 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
United Arab Emirates $42.97 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$37.27 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
United Kingdom $105.1 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$94.54 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
United States $150.2 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$148 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Uruguay $13.6 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$10.3 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Uzbekistan $16 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$15 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Vanuatu $207.7 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$173.8 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Venezuela $29.89 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$29.89 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Vietnam $23.88 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$14.05 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Yemen $6.158 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$4.531 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Zambia $3.042 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$2.324 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Zimbabwe $575.6 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$660.3 million (31 December 2011 est.)
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