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Field Listing :: Major urban areas - population
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This entry provides the population of the capital and up to four major cities defined as urban agglomerations with populations of at least 750,000 people. An urban agglomeration is defined as comprising the city or town proper and also the suburban fringe or thickly settled territory lying outside of, but adjacent to, the boundaries of the city. For smaller countries, lacking urban centers of 750,000 or more, only the population of the capital is presented.
Country
Major urban areas - population
Afghanistan KABUL (capital) 3.097 million (2011)
Albania TIRANA (capital) 419,000 (2011)
Algeria ALGIERS (capital) 2.916 million; Oran 770,000 (2011)
American Samoa PAGO PAGO (capital) 64,000 (2011)
Andorra ANDORRA LA VELLA (capital) 23,000 (2011)
Angola LUANDA (capital) 5.068 million; Huambo 979,000 (2011)
Anguilla THE VALLEY (capital) 2,000 (2011)
Antigua and Barbuda SAINT JOHN'S (capital) 27,000 (2011)
Argentina BUENOS AIRES (capital) 13.528 million; Cordoba 1.493 million; Rosario 1.231 million; Mendoza 917,000; San Miguel de Tucuman 831,000 (2011)
Armenia YEREVAN (capital) 1.116 million (2011)
Aruba ORANJESTAD (capital) 37,000 (2011)
Australia Sydney 4.429 million; Melbourne 3.853 million; Brisbane 1.97 million; Perth 1.599 million; CANBERRA (capital) 399,000 (2011)
Austria VIENNA (capital) 1.72 million (2011)
Azerbaijan BAKU (capital) 2.123 million (2011)
Bahamas, The NASSAU (capital) 254,000 (2011)
Bahrain MANAMA (capital) 262,000 (2011)
Bangladesh DHAKA (capital) 15.391 million; Chittagong 4.816 million; Khulna 1.636 million; Rajshahi 853,000 (2011)
Barbados BRIDGETOWN (capital) 122,000 (2011)
Belarus MINSK (capital) 1.861 million (2011)
Belgium BRUSSELS (capital) 1.892 million; Antwerp 961,000 (2009)
Belize BELMOPAN (capital) 14,000 (2011)
Benin COTONOU (seat of government) 924,000; PORTO-NOVO (capital) 314,000 (2011)
Bermuda HAMILTON (capital) 11,000 (2011)
Bhutan THIMPHU (capital) 99,000 (2011)
Bolivia LA PAZ (capital) 1.715 million; Santa Cruz 1.584 million; Sucre 307,000 (2011)
Bosnia and Herzegovina SARAJEVO (capital) 389,000 (2011)
Botswana GABORONE (capital) 202,000 (2011)
Brazil Sao Paulo 19.96 million; Rio de Janeiro 11.836 million; Belo Horizonte 5.736 million; Porto Alegre 4.034 million; BRASILIA (capital) 3.813 million (2011)
British Virgin Islands ROAD TOWN (capital) 10,000 (2011)
Brunei BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN (capital) 241,000
note: the boundaries of the capital city were expanded in 2007, greatly increasing the city area; the population of the capital increased tenfold (2011)
Bulgaria SOFIA (capital) 1.174 million (2011)
Burkina Faso OUAGADOUGOU (capital) 2.053 million (2011)
Burma RANGOON (capital) 4.259 million; Mandalay 1.009 million; Nay Pyi Taw 992,000 (2009)
Burundi BUJUMBURA (capital) 605,000 (2011)
Cambodia PHNOM PENH (capital) 1.55 million (2011)
Cameroon YAOUNDE (capital) 2.432 million; Douala 2.053 million (2011)
Canada Toronto 5.377 million; Montreal 3.75 million; Vancouver 2.197 million; OTTAWA (capital) 1.208 million; Calgary 1.16 million (2011)
Cape Verde PRAIA (capital) 132,000 (2011)
Cayman Islands GEORGE TOWN (capital) 28,000 (2011)
Central African Republic BANGUI (capital) 740,000 (2011)
Chad N'DJAMENA (capital) 1.079 million (2011)
Chile SANTIAGO (capital) 6.034 million; Valparaiso 865,000 (2011)
China Shanghai 16.575 million; BEIJING (capital) 15.594 million; Chongqing 9.401 million; Shenzhen 9.005 million; Guangzhou 8.884 million (2011)
Colombia BOGOTA (capital) 8.744 million; Medellin 3.497 million; Cali 2.352 million; Barranquilla 1.836 million; Bucaramanga 1.065 million (2011)
Comoros MORONI (capital) 54,000 (2011)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the KINSHASA (capital) 8.798 million; Lubumbashi 1.543 million; Mbuji-Mayi 1.488 million; Kananga 878,000; Kisangani 812,000 (2011)
Congo, Republic of the BRAZZAVILLE (capital) 1.611 million (2011)
Costa Rica SAN JOSE (capital) 1.515 million (2011)
Cote d'Ivoire ABIDJAN (seat of government) 4.288 million; YAMOUSSOUKRO (capital) 966,000 (2011)
Croatia ZAGREB (capital) 686,000 (2011)
Cuba HAVANA (capital) 2.116 million (2011)
Cyprus NICOSIA (capital) 253,000 (2011)
Czech Republic PRAGUE (capital) 1.276 million (2011)
Denmark COPENHAGEN (capital) 1.206 million (2011)
Djibouti DJIBOUTI (capital) 496,000 (2011)
Dominica ROSEAU (capital) 14,000 (2011)
Dominican Republic SANTO DOMINGO (capital) 2.191 million (2011)
Ecuador Guayaquil 2.634 million; QUITO (capital) 1.622 million (2011)
Egypt CAIRO (capital) 11.169 million; Alexandria 4.387 million (2011)
El Salvador SAN SALVADOR (capital) 1.605 million (2011)
Equatorial Guinea MALABO (capital) 137,000 (2011)
Eritrea ASMARA (capital) 649,000 (2009)
Estonia TALLINN (capital) 399,000 (2009)
Ethiopia ADDIS ABABA (capital) 2.863 million (2009)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) STANLEY (capital) 2,000 (2009)
Fiji SUVA (capital) 174,000 (2009)
Finland HELSINKI (capital) 1.107 million (2009)
France PARIS (capital) 10.41 million; Marseille-Aix-en-Provence 1.457 million; Lyon 1.456 million; Lille 1.028 million; Nice-Cannes 977,000 (2009)
French Polynesia PAPEETE (capital) 133,000 (2009)
Gabon LIBREVILLE (capital) 619,000 (2009)
Gambia, The BANJUL (capital) 436,000 (2009)
Georgia TBILISI (capital) 1.115 million (2009)
Germany BERLIN (capital) 3.438 million; Hamburg 1.786 million; Munich 1.349 million; Cologne 1.001 million (2009)
Ghana ACCRA (capital) 2.269 million; Kumasi 1.773 million (2009)
Greece ATHENS (capital) 3.252 million; Thessaloniki 834,000 (2009)
Greenland NUUK (capital) 15,000 (2009)
Grenada SAINT GEORGE'S (capital) 40,000 (2009)
Guam HAGATNA (capital) 153,000 (2009)
Guatemala GUATEMALA CITY (capital) 1.075 million (2009)
Guinea CONAKRY (capital) 1.597 million (2009)
Guinea-Bissau BISSAU (capital) 302,000 (2009)
Guyana GEORGETOWN (capital) 132,000 (2009)
Haiti PORT-AU-PRINCE (capital) 2.143 million (2010)
Honduras TEGUCIGALPA (capital) 1 million (2009)
Hungary BUDAPEST (capital) 1.705 million (2009)
Iceland REYKJAVIK (capital) 198,000 (2009)
India NEW DELHI (capital) 21.72 million; Mumbai 19.695 million; Kolkata 15.294 million; Chennai 7.416 million; Bangalore 7.079 million (2009)
Indonesia JAKARTA (capital) 9.121 million; Surabaya 2.509 million; Bandung 2.412 million; Medan 2.131 million; Semarang 1.296 million (2009)
Iran TEHRAN (capital) 7.19 million; Mashhad 2.592 million; Esfahan 1.704 million; Karaj 1.531 million; Tabriz 1.459 million (2009)
Iraq BAGHDAD (capital) 5.751 million; Mosul 1.447 million; Erbil 1.009 million; Basra 923,000; As Sulaymaniyah 836,000 (2009)
Ireland DUBLIN (capital) 1.084 million (2009)
Isle of Man DOUGLAS (capital) 26,000 (2009)
Israel Tel Aviv-Yafo 3.219 million; Haifa 1.027 million; JERUSALEM (capital) 768,000 (2009)
Italy ROME (capital) 3.357 million; Milan 2.962 million; Naples 2.27 million; Turin 1.662 million; Palermo 872,000 (2009)
Jamaica KINGSTON (capital) 580,000 (2009)
Japan TOKYO (capital) 36.507 million; Osaka-Kobe 11.325 million; Nagoya 3.257 million; Fukuoka-Kitakyushu 2.809 million; Sapporo 2.673 million (2009)
Jordan AMMAN (capital) 1.088 million (2009)
Kazakhstan Almaty 1.383 million; ASTANA (capital) 650,000 (2009)
Kenya NAIROBI (capital) 3.375 million; Mombassa 966,000 (2009)
Kiribati TARAWA (capital) 43,000 (2009)
Korea, North PYONGYANG (capital) 2.843 million (2011)
Korea, South SEOUL (capital) 9.778 million; Busan (Pusan) 3.439 million; Incheon (Inch'on) 2.572 million; Daegu (Taegu) 2.458 million; Daejon (Taejon) 1.497 million (2009)
Kuwait KUWAIT (capital) 2.23 million (2009)
Kyrgyzstan BISHKEK (capital) 854,000 (2009)
Laos VIENTIANE (capital) 799,000 (2009)
Latvia RIGA (capital) 711,000 (2009)
Lebanon BEIRUT (capital) 1.909 million (2009)
Lesotho MASERU (capital) 220,000 (2009)
Liberia MONROVIA (capital) 882,000 (2009)
Libya TRIPOLI (capital) 1.095 million (2009)
Liechtenstein VADUZ (capital) 5,000 (2009)
Lithuania VILNIUS (capital) 546,000 (2009)
Luxembourg LUXEMBOURG (capital) 90,000 (2009)
Macedonia SKOPJE (capital) 480,000 (2009)
Madagascar ANTANANARIVO (capital) 1.816 million (2009)
Malawi Blantyre 856,000; LILONGWE (capital) 821,000 (2009)
Malaysia KUALA LUMPUR (capital) 1.493 million; Klang 1.071 million; Johor Bahru 958,000 (2009)
Maldives MALE (capital) 120,000 (2009)
Mali BAMAKO (capital) 1.628 million (2009)
Malta VALLETTA (capital) 199,000 (2009)
Marshall Islands MAJURO (capital) 30,000 (2009)
Mauritania NOUAKCHOTT (capital) 709,000 (2009)
Mauritius PORT LOUIS (capital) 149,000 (2009)
Mexico MEXICO CITY (capital) 19.319 million; Guadalajara 4.338 million; Monterrey 3.838 million; Puebla 2.278 million; Tijuana 1.629 million (2009)
Micronesia, Federated States of PALIKIR (capital) 7,000 (2009)
Moldova CHISINAU (capital) 650,000 (2009)
Mongolia ULAANBAATAR (capital) 949,000 (2009)
Montenegro PODGORICA (capital) 144,000 (2009)
Morocco Casablanca 3.245 million; RABAT (capital) 1.77 million; Fes 1.044 million; Marrakech 909,000; Tangier 768,000 (2009)
Mozambique MAPUTO (capital) 1.589 million; Matola 761,000 (2009)
Namibia WINDHOEK (capital) 342,000 (2009)
Nepal KATHMANDU (capital) 990,000 (2009)
Netherlands AMSTERDAM (capital) 1.044 million; Rotterdam 1.008 million; The Hague (seat of government) 629,000 (2009)
New Caledonia NOUMEA (capital) 144,000 (2009)
New Zealand Auckland 1.36 million; WELLINGTON (capital) 391,000 (2009)
Nicaragua MANAGUA (capital) 934,000 (2009)
Niger NIAMEY (capital) 1.004 million (2009)
Nigeria Lagos 10.203 million; Kano 3.304 million; Ibadan 2.762 million; ABUJA (capital) 1.857 million; Kaduna 1.519 million (2009)
Northern Mariana Islands SAIPAN (capital) NA (2009)
Norway OSLO (capital) 875,000 (2009)
Oman MUSCAT (capital) 634,000 (2009)
Pakistan Karachi 13.125 million; Lahore 7.132 million; Faisalabad 2.849 million; Rawalpindi 2.026 million; ISLAMABAD (capital) 832,000 (2009)
Panama PANAMA CITY (capital) 1.346 million (2009)
Papua New Guinea PORT MORESBY (capital) 314,000 (2009)
Paraguay ASUNCION (capital) 1.977 million (2009)
Peru LIMA (capital) 8.769 million; Arequipa 778,000 (2009)
Philippines MANILA (capital) 11.449 million; Davao 1.48 million; Cebu City 845,000; Zamboanga 827,000 (2009)
Poland WARSAW (capital) 1.71 million; Krakow 756,000 (2009)
Portugal LISBON (capital) 2.808 million; Porto 1.344 million (2009)
Puerto Rico SAN JUAN (capital) 2.73 million (2009)
Qatar DOHA (capital) 427,000 (2009)
Romania BUCHAREST (capital) 1.933 million (2009)
Russia MOSCOW (capital) 10.523 million; Saint Petersburg 4.575 million; Novosibirsk 1.397 million; Yekaterinburg 1.344 million; Nizhniy Novgorod 1.267 million (2009)
Rwanda KIGALI (capital) 909,000 (2009)
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha JAMESTOWN (capital) 1,000 (2009)
Saint Kitts and Nevis BASSETERRE (capital) 13,000 (2009)
Saint Lucia CASTRIES (capital) 15,000 (2009)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon SAINT-PIERRE (capital) 5,000 (2009)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines KINGSTOWN (capital) 28,000 (2009)
Samoa APIA (capital) 36,000 (2009)
Sao Tome and Principe SAO TOME (capital) 60,000 (2009)
Saudi Arabia RIYADH (capital) 4.725 million; Jeddah 3.234 million; Mecca 1.484 million; Medina 1.104 million; Ad Dammam 902,000 (2009)
Senegal DAKAR (capital) 2.777 million (2009)
Serbia BELGRADE (capital) 1.115 million (2009)
Seychelles VICTORIA (capital) 26,000 (2009)
Sierra Leone FREETOWN (capital) 875,000 (2009)
Slovakia BRATISLAVA (capital) 428,000 (2009)
Slovenia LJUBLJANA (capital) 260,000 (2009)
Solomon Islands HONIARA (capital) 72,000 (2009)
Somalia MOGADISHU (capital) 1.353 million (2009)
South Africa Johannesburg 3.607 million; Cape Town 3.353 million; Ekurhuleni (East Rand) 3.144 million; Durban 2.837 million; PRETORIA (capital) 1.404 million (2009)
South Sudan JUBA (capital) 250,000 (2008 est.)
Spain MADRID (capital) 5.762 million; Barcelona 5.029 million; Valencia 812,000 (2009)
Sri Lanka COLOMBO (capital) 681,000 (2009)
Sudan KHARTOUM (capital) 5.021 million (2009)
Suriname PARAMARIBO (capital) 259,000 (2009)
Swaziland MBABANE (capital) 74,000 (2009)
Sweden STOCKHOLM (capital) 1.279 million (2009)
Switzerland Zurich 1.143 million; BERN (capital) 346,000 (2009)
Syria Aleppo 2.985 million; DAMASCUS (capital) 2.527 million; Hims 1.276 million; Hamah 854,000 (2009)
Tajikistan DUSHANBE (capital) 704,000 (2009)
Tanzania DAR ES SALAAM (capital) 3.207 million (2009)
Thailand BANGKOK (capital) 6.902 million (2009)
Timor-Leste DILI (capital) 166,000 (2009)
Togo LOME (capital) 1.593 million (2009)
Trinidad and Tobago PORT-OF-SPAIN (capital) 57,000 (2009)
Tunisia TUNIS (capital) 759,000 (2009)
Turkey Istanbul 10.378 million; ANKARA (capital) 3.846 million; Izmir 2.679 million; Bursa 1.559 million; Adana 1.339 million (2009)
Turkmenistan ASHGABAT (capital) 637,000 (2009)
Turks and Caicos Islands GRAND TURK (capital) 6,000 (2009)
Uganda KAMPALA (capital) 1.535 million (2009)
Ukraine KYIV (capital) 2.779 million; Kharkiv 1.455 million; Dnipropetrovsk 1.013 million; Odesa 1.009 million; Donetsk 971,000 (2009)
United Arab Emirates ABU DHABI (capital) 666,000 (2009)
United Kingdom LONDON (capital) 8.615 million; Birmingham 2.296 million; Manchester 2.247 million; West Yorkshire 1.541 million; Glasgow 1.166 million (2009)
United States New York-Newark 19.3 million; Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana 12.675 million; Chicago 9.134 million; Miami 5.699 million; WASHINGTON, D.C. (capital) 4.421 million (2009)
Uruguay MONTEVIDEO (capital) 1.633 million (2009)
Uzbekistan TASHKENT (capital) 2.201 million (2009)
Venezuela CARACAS (capital) 3.051 million; Maracaibo 2.153 million; Valencia 1.738 million; Barquisimeto 1.159 million; Maracay 1.04 million (2009)
Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City 5.976 million; HANOI (capital) 2.668 million; Haiphong 1.941 million; Da Nang 807,000 (2009)
Virgin Islands CHARLOTTE AMALIE (capital) 54,000 (2009)
Western Sahara Laayoune 237,000 (2011)
Yemen SANAA (capital) 2.229 million (2009)
Zambia LUSAKA (capital) 1.413 million (2009)
Zimbabwe HARARE (capital) 1.606 million (2009)
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