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Field Listing :: GDP - composition, by end use
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This entry shows who does the spending in an economy: consumers, businesses, government, and foreigners. The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete.
household consumption consists of expenditures by resident households, and by nonprofit institutions that serve households, on goods and services that are consumed by individuals. This includes consumption of both domestically produced and foreign goods and services.
government consumption consists of government expenditures on goods and services. These figures exclude government transfer payments, such as interest on debt, unemployment, and social security, since such payments are not made in exchange for goods and services supplied.
investment in fixed capital consists of total business spending on fixed assets, such as factories, machinery, equipment, dwellings, and inventories of raw materials, which provide the basis for future production. It is measured gross of the depreciation of the assets, i.e., it includes investment that merely replaces worn-out or scrapped capital. Earlier editions of The World Factbook referred to this concept as Investment (gross fixed) and that data now have been moved to this new field.
investment in inventories consists of net changes to the stock of outputs that are still held by the units that produce them, awaiting further sale to an end user, such as automobiles sitting on a dealer’s lot or groceries on the store shelves. This figure may be positive or negative. If the stock of unsold output increases during the relevant time period, investment in inventories is positive, but, if the stock of unsold goods declines, it will be negative. Investment in inventories normally is an early indicator of the state of the economy. If the stock of unsold items increases unexpectedly – because people stop buying - the economy may be entering a recession; but if the stock of unsold items falls - and goods "go flying off the shelves" - businesses normally try to replace those stocks, and the economy is likely to accelerate.
exports of goods and services consist of sales, barter, gifts, or grants of goods and services from residents to nonresidents.
imports of goods and services consist of purchases, barter, or receipts of gifts, or grants of goods and services by residents from nonresidents. Exports are treated as a positive item, while imports are treated as a negative item. In a purely accounting sense, imports have no direct impact on GDP, which only measures output of the domestic economy. Imports are entered as a negative item to offset the fact that the expenditure figures for consumption, investment, government, and exports also include expenditures on imports. These imports contribute directly to foreign GDP but only indirectly to domestic GDP. Because of this negative offset for imports of goods and services, the sum of the other five items, excluding imports, will always total more than 100 percent of GDP. A surplus of exports of goods and services over imports indicates an economy is investing abroad, while a deficit indicates an economy is borrowing from abroad.
Country
GDP - composition, by end use(%)
Afghanistan household consumption: 96.5%
government consumption: 23.3%
investment in fixed capital: 25.4%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 18.1%
imports of goods and services: 63.4%
(2011 est.)
Albania household consumption: 88.1%
government consumption: 7.5%
investment in fixed capital: 26%
investment in inventories: 4.1%
exports of goods and services: 31.6%
imports of goods and services: -57.3%
(2012 est.)
Algeria household consumption: 30.2%
government consumption: 27%
investment in fixed capital: 31.5%
investment in inventories: 3.5%
exports of goods and services: 36.5%
imports of goods and services: -28.6%
(2012 est.)
Angola household consumption: 48%
government consumption: 19.8%
investment in fixed capital: 11.4%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 64.2%
imports of goods and services: -43.4%
(2012 est.)
Anguilla household consumption: 79.1%
government consumption: 17.6%
investment in fixed capital: 26.3%
exports of goods and services: 45.5%
imports of goods and services: -68.3%
(2012 est.)
Antigua and Barbuda household consumption: 27.3%
government consumption: 23.9%
investment in fixed capital: 91.5%
investment in inventories: -37.3%
exports of goods and services: 58.2%
imports of goods and services: -63.6%
(2012 est.)
Argentina household consumption: 57.1%
government consumption: 16.6%
investment in fixed capital: 21.8%
investment in inventories: 2.2%
exports of goods and services: 19.7%
imports of goods and services: -17.4%
(2012 est.)
Armenia household consumption: 88.6%
government consumption: 10.7%
investment in fixed capital: 30.6%
investment in inventories: 0.9%
exports of goods and services: 21.8%
imports of goods and services: -53.3%
(2012 est.)
Australia household consumption: 54.9%
government consumption: 18.2%
investment in fixed capital: 28.5%
investment in inventories: 0.4%
exports of goods and services: 20.2%
imports of goods and services: -21.3%
(2012 est.)
Austria household consumption: 54.5%
government consumption: 18.8%
investment in fixed capital: 21.5%
investment in inventories: 1.8%
exports of goods and services: 57.1%
imports of goods and services: -53.7%
(2012 est.)
Azerbaijan household consumption: 39.6%
government consumption: 10.3%
investment in fixed capital: 22.5%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 50.9%
imports of goods and services: -23.5%
(2012 est.)
Bahamas, The household consumption: 68.3%
government consumption: 15.9%
investment in fixed capital: 28.2%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 45.8%
imports of goods and services: -58.2%
(2012 est.)
Bahrain household consumption: 42.4%
government consumption: 14.2%
investment in fixed capital: 20.4%
investment in inventories: 0.5%
exports of goods and services: 84.6%
imports of goods and services: -62.1%
(2012 est.)
Bangladesh household consumption: 75%
government consumption: 5.7%
investment in fixed capital: 25.4%
investment in inventories: 4.2%
exports of goods and services: 25%
imports of goods and services: -35.3%
(2012 est.)
Barbados household consumption: 72.7%
government consumption: 19.2%
investment in fixed capital: 14.5%
investment in inventories: -3.1%
exports of goods and services: 46.5%
imports of goods and services: -49.8%
(2012 est.)
Belarus household consumption: 46.7%
government consumption: 14.6%
investment in fixed capital: 32.8%
investment in inventories: 1.6%
exports of goods and services: 81.6%
imports of goods and services: -77.1%
(2012 est.)
Belgium household consumption: 52.9%
government consumption: 24.9%
investment in fixed capital: 20.7%
investment in inventories: 0.3%
exports of goods and services: 84.8%
imports of goods and services: -83.6%
(2012 est.)
Belize household consumption: 77.3%
government consumption: 18.1%
investment in fixed capital: 30.4%
investment in inventories: 1%
exports of goods and services: 71%
imports of goods and services: -98.2%
(2012 est.)
Benin household consumption: 79.9%
government consumption: 10.5%
investment in fixed capital: 22.6%
investment in inventories: 0.6%
exports of goods and services: 19.4%
imports of goods and services: -33%
(2012 est.)
Bermuda household consumption: 33%
government consumption: 15.9%
investment in fixed capital: 24.9%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 68%
imports of goods and services: -35.9%
(2012 est.)
Bhutan household consumption: 36.3%
government consumption: 22.5%
investment in fixed capital: 63.6%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 37.4%
imports of goods and services: -59.9%
(2012 est.)
Bolivia household consumption: 60.6%
government consumption: 13.7%
investment in fixed capital: 18.3%
investment in inventories: -1.5%
exports of goods and services: 46.9%
imports of goods and services: -38.1%
(2012 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina household consumption: 79.8%
government consumption: 22.1%
investment in fixed capital: 20.7%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 42.3%
imports of goods and services: -64.8%
(2011 est.)
Botswana household consumption: 39.8%
government consumption: 20.5%
investment in fixed capital: 30%
investment in inventories: 5.4%
exports of goods and services: 35.7%
imports of goods and services: -43.6%
(2012 est.)
Brazil household consumption: 62.3%
government consumption: 21.5%
investment in fixed capital: 18.1%
investment in inventories: -0.5%
exports of goods and services: 12.6%
imports of goods and services: -14%
(2012 est.)
British Virgin Islands household consumption: 34.3%
government consumption: 8.4%
investment in fixed capital: 23.5%
investment in inventories: -0.4%
exports of goods and services: 109.7%
imports of goods and services: -75.5%
(2012 est.)
Brunei household consumption: 20.7%
government consumption: 18%
investment in fixed capital: 14.1%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 78.9%
imports of goods and services: -31.7%
(2012 est.)
Bulgaria household consumption: 72.1%
government consumption: 7.8%
investment in fixed capital: 21.4%
investment in inventories: 2.4%
exports of goods and services: 66.6%
imports of goods and services: -70.3%
(2012 est.)
Burkina Faso household consumption: 62.8%
government consumption: 13.9%
investment in fixed capital: 20.9%
investment in inventories: -0.1%
exports of goods and services: 29.7%
imports of goods and services: -27.2%
(2012 est.)
Burma household consumption: 79.6%
government consumption: 3.7%
investment in fixed capital: 16.3%
investment in inventories: 0.3%
exports of goods and services: 0.2%
imports of goods and services: -0.2%
(2012 est.)
Burundi household consumption: 91.8%
government consumption: 12.1%
investment in fixed capital: 21.8%
investment in inventories: -4.5%
exports of goods and services: 8%
imports of goods and services: -29.1%
(2012 est.)
Cambodia household consumption: 74%
government consumption: 8%
investment in fixed capital: 20.3%
investment in inventories: 2.5%
exports of goods and services: 63.5%
imports of goods and services: -68.3%
(2012 est.)
Cameroon household consumption: 67.1%
government consumption: 16.2%
investment in fixed capital: 20.9%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 30.5%
imports of goods and services: -34.6%
(2012 est.)
Canada household consumption: 55.8%
government consumption: 21.7%
investment in fixed capital: 24%
investment in inventories: 0.4%
exports of goods and services: 30%
imports of goods and services: -32%
(2012 est.)
Cape Verde household consumption: 66.6%
government consumption: 18.9%
investment in fixed capital: 34.2%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 44%
imports of goods and services: -63.8%
(2012 est.)
Cayman Islands household consumption: 71.5%
government consumption: 1.7%
investment in fixed capital: 25.9%
exports of goods and services: 70.5%
imports of goods and services: -69.7%
(2012 est.)
Central African Republic household consumption: 89.5%
government consumption: 8.1%
investment in fixed capital: 12.5%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 12.5%
imports of goods and services: -22.7%
(2012 est.)
Chad household consumption: 66.5%
government consumption: 11.9%
investment in fixed capital: 31.9%
investment in inventories: 0.7%
exports of goods and services: 41%
imports of goods and services: -52.1%
(2012 est.)
Chile household consumption: 62.5%
government consumption: 12.1%
investment in fixed capital: 24.1%
investment in inventories: 0.8%
exports of goods and services: 34.2%
imports of goods and services: -33.9%
(2012 est.)
China household consumption: 35.7%
government consumption: 13.5%
investment in fixed capital: 46.1%
investment in inventories: 2%
exports of goods and services: 26.9%
imports of goods and services: -24.1%
(2012 est.)
Colombia household consumption: 61.2%
government consumption: 16.5%
investment in fixed capital: 23.9%
investment in inventories: -0.4%
exports of goods and services: 18.3%
imports of goods and services: -19.5%
(2012 est.)
Comoros household consumption: 96%
government consumption: 17%
investment in fixed capital: 18.7%
investment in inventories: 6.6%
exports of goods and services: 15.3%
imports of goods and services: -53.7%
(2012 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the household consumption: 64.5%
government consumption: 12%
investment in fixed capital: 18.3%
investment in inventories: 1%
exports of goods and services: 58.5%
imports of goods and services: -53.3%
(2012 est.)
Congo, Republic of the household consumption: 22%
government consumption: 15.6%
investment in fixed capital: 51.9%
investment in inventories: 1%
exports of goods and services: 105.6%
imports of goods and services: -96.1%
(2012 est.)
Costa Rica household consumption: 65.1%
government consumption: 17.9%
investment in fixed capital: 20.2%
investment in inventories: 1%
exports of goods and services: 37.7%
imports of goods and services: -41.8%
(2012 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire household consumption: 74.2%
government consumption: 8.4%
investment in fixed capital: 15%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 42.1%
imports of goods and services: -39.6%
(2012 est.)
Croatia household consumption: 60.2%
government consumption: 19.8%
investment in fixed capital: 18.4%
investment in inventories: 1%
exports of goods and services: 43.4%
imports of goods and services: -42.7%
(2012 est.)
Cuba household consumption: 53.5%
government consumption: 35.4%
investment in fixed capital: 9.6%
investment in inventories: -2.2%
exports of goods and services: 24.6%
imports of goods and services: -20.9%
(2012 est.)
Cyprus household consumption: 66.8%
government consumption: 20.1%
investment in fixed capital: 12.8%
investment in inventories: 0.3%
exports of goods and services: 45.5%
imports of goods and services: -45.4%
(2012 est.)
Czech Republic household consumption: 49.6%
government consumption: 20.8%
investment in fixed capital: 23.6%
investment in inventories: -0.1%
exports of goods and services: 78%
imports of goods and services: -72.7%
(2012 est.)
Denmark household consumption: 49.5%
government consumption: 28.6%
investment in fixed capital: 17.8%
investment in inventories: -0.2%
exports of goods and services: 54.5%
imports of goods and services: -50.1%
(2012 est.)
Djibouti household consumption: 58%
government consumption: 25.2%
investment in fixed capital: 31.1%
exports of goods and services: 39.3%
imports of goods and services: -54.1%
(2012 est.)
Dominica household consumption: 77.7%
government consumption: 18%
investment in fixed capital: 25.2%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 38.1%
imports of goods and services: -59%
(2012 est.)
Dominican Republic household consumption: 84.7%
government consumption: 7.9%
investment in fixed capital: 16.4%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 25.3%
imports of goods and services: -34.3%
(2012 est.)
Ecuador household consumption: 61.3%
government consumption: 13.5%
investment in fixed capital: 26.5%
investment in inventories: 0.6%
exports of goods and services: 31%
imports of goods and services: -33%
(2012 est.)
Egypt household consumption: 79.3%
government consumption: 11.6%
investment in fixed capital: 16%
investment in inventories: 0.8%
exports of goods and services: 18.6%
imports of goods and services: -26.2%
(2012 est.)
El Salvador household consumption: 93.2%
government consumption: 11%
investment in fixed capital: 14.2%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 28.2%
imports of goods and services: -46.6%
(2012 est.)
Equatorial Guinea household consumption: 36.7%
government consumption: 3.2%
investment in fixed capital: 32.4%
investment in inventories: 0.6%
exports of goods and services: 69.3%
imports of goods and services: -42.1%
(2012 est.)
Eritrea household consumption: 64%
government consumption: 26.8%
investment in fixed capital: 15.2%
exports of goods and services: 14.6%
imports of goods and services: -20.6%
(2012 est.)
Estonia household consumption: 50.1%
government consumption: 18.8%
investment in fixed capital: 24.5%
investment in inventories: 5.8%
exports of goods and services: 89.1%
imports of goods and services: -88.3%
(2012 est.)
Ethiopia household consumption: 85.6%
government consumption: 8.2%
investment in fixed capital: 26.8%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 12.7%
imports of goods and services: -33.3%
(2012 est.)
European Union household consumption: 58.2%
government consumption: 21.8%
investment in fixed capital: 18.3%
investment in inventories: 0.5%
exports of goods and services: 42.5%
imports of goods and services: -41.3%
(2011 est.)
Fiji household consumption: 76.6%
government consumption: 13.7%
investment in fixed capital: 19.3%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 40.7%
imports of goods and services: -50.2%
(2012 est.)
Finland household consumption: 56.3%
government consumption: 24.8%
investment in fixed capital: 19.4%
investment in inventories: 1.2%
exports of goods and services: 39.8%
imports of goods and services: -40.5%
(2012 est.)
France household consumption: 57.7%
government consumption: 24.7%
investment in fixed capital: 19.8%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 27.4%
imports of goods and services: -29.6%
(2012 est.)
Gabon household consumption: 37.3%
government consumption: 9.8%
investment in fixed capital: 30.3%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 61.2%
imports of goods and services: -38.7%
(2012 est.)
Gambia, The household consumption: 81.9%
government consumption: 16.1%
investment in fixed capital: 27.8%
investment in inventories: 1.7%
exports of goods and services: 42%
imports of goods and services: -69.6%
(2012 est.)
Gaza Strip household consumption: 92.5%
government consumption: 24.5%
investment in fixed capital: 22.5%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 19.8%
imports of goods and services: -59.3%
(2012 est.)
Georgia household consumption: 77%
government consumption: 19%
investment in fixed capital: 22.8%
investment in inventories: 1.3%
exports of goods and services: 36.2%
imports of goods and services: -56.6%
(2012 est.)
Germany household consumption: 57.5%
government consumption: 19.5%
investment in fixed capital: 17.6%
investment in inventories: -0.4%
exports of goods and services: 51.5%
imports of goods and services: -45.8%
(2012 est.)
Ghana household consumption: 60.9%
government consumption: 13.6%
investment in fixed capital: 29%
investment in inventories: 6.9%
exports of goods and services: 45.9%
imports of goods and services: -56.2%
(2012 est.)
Greece household consumption: 73.7%
government consumption: 17.8%
investment in fixed capital: 12.6%
investment in inventories: 1%
exports of goods and services: 27%
imports of goods and services: -32%
(2012 est.)
Grenada household consumption: 85%
government consumption: 16.6%
investment in fixed capital: 21.5%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 22.9%
imports of goods and services: -46%
(2012 est.)
Guatemala household consumption: 85.7%
government consumption: 10.7%
investment in fixed capital: 14.6%
investment in inventories: -0.2%
exports of goods and services: 24.9%
imports of goods and services: -35.7%
(2012 est.)
Guinea household consumption: 88.6%
government consumption: 14.7%
investment in fixed capital: 17.4%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 26.6%
imports of goods and services: -47.3%
(2012 est.)
Guinea-Bissau household consumption: 86.3%
government consumption: 12.9%
investment in fixed capital: 12.9%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 21.9%
imports of goods and services: -33.9%
(2012 est.)
Guyana household consumption: 82.2%
government consumption: 14.5%
investment in fixed capital: 21.6%
investment in inventories: -9.1%
exports of goods and services: 63.5%
imports of goods and services: -72.7%
(2012 est.)
Honduras household consumption: 78.6%
government consumption: 16.2%
investment in fixed capital: 25.4%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 49%
imports of goods and services: -69.4%
(2012 est.)
Hong Kong household consumption: 64.7%
government consumption: 9.1%
investment in fixed capital: 26.4%
investment in inventories: -0.4%
exports of goods and services: 223.9%
imports of goods and services: -223.6%
(2012 est.)
Hungary household consumption: 54.2%
government consumption: 20.6%
investment in fixed capital: 17.2%
investment in inventories: 0.3%
exports of goods and services: 94.7%
imports of goods and services: -86.9%
(2012 est.)
Iceland household consumption: 53.6%
government consumption: 25.5%
investment in fixed capital: 14.4%
investment in inventories: 0.2%
exports of goods and services: 59.2%
imports of goods and services: -52.9%
(2012 est.)
India household consumption: 56.9%
government consumption: 11.8%
investment in fixed capital: 29.9%
investment in inventories: 8.4%
exports of goods and services: 24.3%
imports of goods and services: -31.3%
(2012 est.)
Indonesia household consumption: 54.6%
government consumption: 8.9%
investment in fixed capital: 33.2%
investment in inventories: 2.2%
exports of goods and services: 24.3%
imports of goods and services: -25.8%
(2012 est.)
Iran household consumption: 44.8%
government consumption: 13.4%
investment in fixed capital: 31.8%
investment in inventories: 1.5%
exports of goods and services: 24.8%
imports of goods and services: -16.3%
(2012 est.)
Ireland household consumption: 50.1%
government consumption: 15.1%
investment in fixed capital: 10%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 108.3%
imports of goods and services: -84.1%
(2012 est.)
Israel household consumption: 57.5%
government consumption: 24.3%
investment in fixed capital: 19.1%
investment in inventories: 0.2%
exports of goods and services: 37.4%
imports of goods and services: -38.5%
(2012 est.)
Italy household consumption: 60.7%
government consumption: 20.5%
investment in fixed capital: 18.2%
investment in inventories: -0.6%
exports of goods and services: 30.3%
imports of goods and services: -29.1%
(2012 est.)
Jamaica household consumption: 86.2%
government consumption: 15.9%
investment in fixed capital: 20.7%
investment in inventories: 0.5%
exports of goods and services: 33.3%
imports of goods and services: -56.5%
(2012 est.)
Japan household consumption: 60.9%
government consumption: 20.5%
investment in fixed capital: 21.2%
investment in inventories: -0.6%
exports of goods and services: 14.7%
imports of goods and services: -16.6%
(2012 est.)
Jordan household consumption: 73.6%
government consumption: 21.8%
investment in fixed capital: 25.9%
investment in inventories: -1.6%
exports of goods and services: 44.7%
imports of goods and services: -64.4%
(2012 est.)
Kazakhstan household consumption: 45.5%
government consumption: 11.6%
investment in fixed capital: 21.1%
investment in inventories: 2.5%
exports of goods and services: 48.4%
imports of goods and services: -30%
(2012 est.)
Kenya household consumption: 74.6%
government consumption: 17.8%
investment in fixed capital: 22%
investment in inventories: -0.6%
exports of goods and services: 28%
imports of goods and services: -41.7%
(2012 est.)
Korea, South household consumption: 53.5%
government consumption: 15.8%
investment in fixed capital: 26.7%
investment in inventories: 0.8%
exports of goods and services: 56.5%
imports of goods and services: -53.4%
(2012 est.)
Kosovo household consumption: 93.3%
government consumption: 16.5%
investment in fixed capital: 31.2%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 20.1%
imports of goods and services: -61.1%
(2011 est.)
Kuwait household consumption: 21.8%
government consumption: 14.5%
investment in fixed capital: 14%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 73.7%
imports of goods and services: -24%
(2012 est.)
Kyrgyzstan household consumption: 86.5%
government consumption: 20.7%
investment in fixed capital: 25.7%
investment in inventories: -0.5%
exports of goods and services: 53.3%
imports of goods and services: -85.7%
(2012 est.)
Laos household consumption: 68%
government consumption: 9.8%
investment in fixed capital: 29.2%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 39.1%
imports of goods and services: -46.1%
(2012 est.)
Latvia household consumption: 62%
government consumption: 15.5%
investment in fixed capital: 23%
investment in inventories: 4%
exports of goods and services: 59%
imports of goods and services: -63.6%
(2012 est.)
Lebanon household consumption: 81.5%
government consumption: 15.2%
investment in fixed capital: 32.9%
exports of goods and services: 19.2%
imports of goods and services: -48.8%
(2012 est.)
Lesotho household consumption: 97.2%
government consumption: 33.9%
investment in fixed capital: 37.3%
investment in inventories: -0.1%
exports of goods and services: 50.9%
imports of goods and services: -118.3%
(2012 est.)
Liberia household consumption: 125.6%
government consumption: 15.2%
investment in fixed capital: 25%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 27.5%
imports of goods and services: -93.3%
(2011 est.)
Libya household consumption: 42.9%
government consumption: 14.2%
investment in fixed capital: 4.7%
investment in inventories: 0.4%
exports of goods and services: 60.7%
imports of goods and services: -23%
(2012 est.)
Lithuania household consumption: 64.2%
government consumption: 17.7%
investment in fixed capital: 16.7%
investment in inventories: 0.3%
exports of goods and services: 83.9%
imports of goods and services: -83.2%
(2012 est.)
Luxembourg household consumption: 31%
government consumption: 16.8%
investment in fixed capital: 19.9%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 170.5%
imports of goods and services: -138.3%
(2012 est.)
Macau household consumption: 21.2%
government consumption: 7.1%
investment in fixed capital: 14%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 106.5%
imports of goods and services: -48.8%
(2012 est.)
Macedonia household consumption: 75.3%
government consumption: 18.2%
investment in fixed capital: 21.8%
investment in inventories: 7%
exports of goods and services: 52.9%
imports of goods and services: -75.1%
(2012 est.)
Madagascar household consumption: 85.7%
government consumption: 11.9%
investment in fixed capital: 18.7%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 28.5%
imports of goods and services: -44.8%
(2012 est.)
Malawi household consumption: 74.2%
government consumption: 20.5%
investment in fixed capital: 13.3%
investment in inventories: 2%
exports of goods and services: 28.5%
imports of goods and services: -38.5%
(2012 est.)
Malaysia household consumption: 48.9%
government consumption: 13.5%
investment in fixed capital: 25.7%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 87.1%
imports of goods and services: -75.3%
(2012 est.)
Mali household consumption: 67.6%
government consumption: 12.8%
investment in fixed capital: 26.4%
investment in inventories: 0.6%
exports of goods and services: 27.1%
imports of goods and services: -34.5%
(2012 est.)
Malta household consumption: 60.4%
government consumption: 21.5%
investment in fixed capital: 14.6%
investment in inventories: -2.2%
exports of goods and services: 101.9%
imports of goods and services: -96.1%
(2012 est.)
Mauritania household consumption: 87.7%
government consumption: 16.9%
investment in fixed capital: 30.5%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 68.6%
imports of goods and services: -103.9%
(2012 est.)
Mauritius household consumption: 73.5%
government consumption: 13.5%
investment in fixed capital: 23.1%
investment in inventories: 0.5%
exports of goods and services: 54.5%
imports of goods and services: -65.1%
(2012 est.)
Mexico household consumption: 64.8%
government consumption: 11.6%
investment in fixed capital: 20.7%
investment in inventories: 4%
exports of goods and services: 32.9%
imports of goods and services: -34%
(2012 est.)
Moldova household consumption: 97.2%
government consumption: 22.3%
investment in fixed capital: 21.8%
investment in inventories: 1.5%
exports of goods and services: 45.2%
imports of goods and services: -88%
(2012 est.)
Mongolia household consumption: 51.1%
government consumption: 14.5%
investment in fixed capital: 48.3%
investment in inventories: 13.9%
exports of goods and services: 58.6%
imports of goods and services: -86.4%
(2012 est.)
Montenegro household consumption: 84.4%
government consumption: 22.1%
investment in fixed capital: 18.4%
investment in inventories: 1.1%
exports of goods and services: 40.2%
imports of goods and services: -66.2%
(2011 est.)
Montserrat household consumption: 95.7%
government consumption: 53.4%
investment in fixed capital: 35.2%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 23.6%
imports of goods and services: -107.9%
(2012 est.)
Morocco household consumption: 59.7%
government consumption: 19.2%
investment in fixed capital: 31.4%
investment in inventories: 3.9%
exports of goods and services: 36.2%
imports of goods and services: -50.4%
(2012 est.)
Mozambique household consumption: 77.3%
government consumption: 13.5%
investment in fixed capital: 24.8%
investment in inventories: 0.9%
exports of goods and services: 27%
imports of goods and services: -43.8%
(2012 est.)
Namibia household consumption: 66.3%
government consumption: 25.8%
investment in fixed capital: 22.6%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 39.3%
imports of goods and services: -54%
(2012 est.)
Nepal household consumption: 76%
government consumption: 10.7%
investment in fixed capital: 20%
investment in inventories: 14.9%
exports of goods and services: 10%
imports of goods and services: -33.4%
(2012 est.)
Netherlands household consumption: 45.5%
government consumption: 28.4%
investment in fixed capital: 16.8%
investment in inventories: 0.4%
exports of goods and services: 87.3%
imports of goods and services: -78.5%
(2012 est.)
New Caledonia household consumption: 65.4%
government consumption: 28%
investment in fixed capital: 28.2%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 27%
imports of goods and services: -48.7%
(2012 est.)
New Zealand household consumption: 60.3%
government consumption: 20.2%
investment in fixed capital: 18.9%
investment in inventories: 0.7%
exports of goods and services: 28.9%
imports of goods and services: -28.9%
(2012 est.)
Nicaragua household consumption: 86.1%
government consumption: 10.3%
investment in fixed capital: 32.8%
exports of goods and services: 39.8%
imports of goods and services: -69.1%
(2012 est.)
Niger household consumption: 67.9%
government consumption: 18%
investment in fixed capital: 56.1%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 24.5%
imports of goods and services: -66.6%
(2012 est.)
Nigeria household consumption: 53.2%
government consumption: 14.9%
investment in fixed capital: 18.4%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 44.2%
imports of goods and services: -30.7%
(2012 est.)
Norway household consumption: 40.4%
government consumption: 21.3%
investment in fixed capital: 20.6%
investment in inventories: 4.5%
exports of goods and services: 40.7%
imports of goods and services: -27.5%
(2012 est.)
Oman household consumption: 30%
government consumption: 17.2%
investment in fixed capital: 26.2%
exports of goods and services: 61.6%
imports of goods and services: -35%
(2012 est.)
Pakistan household consumption: 87.3%
government consumption: 8.3%
investment in fixed capital: 10.9%
investment in inventories: 1.6%
exports of goods and services: 12.5%
imports of goods and services: -20.6%
(2012 est.)
Panama household consumption: 58.3%
government consumption: 12.7%
investment in fixed capital: 28.9%
investment in inventories: 1%
exports of goods and services: 83.4%
imports of goods and services: -84.3%
(2012 est.)
Papua New Guinea household consumption: 46.4%
government consumption: 17%
investment in fixed capital: 20.7%
investment in inventories: 0.9%
exports of goods and services: 69.8%
imports of goods and services: -54.8%
(2012 est.)
Paraguay household consumption: 72.8%
government consumption: 12.2%
investment in fixed capital: 14.6%
investment in inventories: 0.3%
exports of goods and services: 46.8%
imports of goods and services: -46.7%
(2012 est.)
Peru household consumption: 61.7%
government consumption: 10.5%
investment in fixed capital: 26.6%
investment in inventories: 0.2%
exports of goods and services: 25.5%
imports of goods and services: -24.5%
(2012 est.)
Philippines household consumption: 74.2%
government consumption: 10.5%
investment in fixed capital: 19.4%
investment in inventories: -0.9%
exports of goods and services: 30.8%
imports of goods and services: -34%
(2012 est.)
Poland household consumption: 61.2%
government consumption: 17.8%
investment in fixed capital: 19.3%
investment in inventories: 1.1%
exports of goods and services: 46.2%
imports of goods and services: -45.6%
(2012 est.)
Portugal household consumption: 66.3%
government consumption: 18.3%
investment in fixed capital: 15.8%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 38.7%
imports of goods and services: -39.2%
(2012 est.)
Puerto Rico household consumption: 94.5%
government consumption: 16.4%
investment in fixed capital: 16.2%
exports of goods and services: 121.9%
imports of goods and services: -148.9%
(2012 est.)
Qatar household consumption: 13.1%
government consumption: 12.1%
investment in fixed capital: 30.6%
investment in inventories: -8.9%
exports of goods and services: 78.6%
imports of goods and services: -25.5%
(2012 est.)
Romania household consumption: 71.5%
government consumption: 6.6%
investment in fixed capital: 26.7%
investment in inventories: 0.3%
exports of goods and services: 40%
imports of goods and services: -45.2%
(2012 est.)
Russia household consumption: 49.2%
government consumption: 18.6%
investment in fixed capital: 22%
investment in inventories: 2.6%
exports of goods and services: 29.7%
imports of goods and services: -22.1%
(2012 est.)
Rwanda household consumption: 87.9%
government consumption: 9.4%
investment in fixed capital: 20.4%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 11.7%
imports of goods and services: -29.4%
(2012 est.)
Saint Kitts and Nevis household consumption: 59.6%
government consumption: 12.1%
investment in fixed capital: 35.3%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 38.7%
imports of goods and services: -45.7%
(2012 est.)
Saint Lucia household consumption: 59%
government consumption: 18%
investment in fixed capital: 39.5%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 52%
imports of goods and services: -68.5%
(2012 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines household consumption: 90.4%
government consumption: 16.7%
investment in fixed capital: 25.8%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 23.2%
imports of goods and services: -56.1%
(2012 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe household consumption: 126.3%
government consumption: 13.9%
investment in fixed capital: 48.7%
investment in inventories: -1.6%
exports of goods and services: 15.5%
imports of goods and services: -64.9%
(2012 est.)
Saudi Arabia household consumption: 26.4%
government consumption: 19.7%
investment in fixed capital: 26.6%
investment in inventories: 4.3%
exports of goods and services: 55.9%
imports of goods and services: -28.6%
(2012 est.)
Senegal household consumption: 80.2%
government consumption: 6.9%
investment in fixed capital: 25.5%
investment in inventories: 4.2%
exports of goods and services: 28.4%
imports of goods and services: -45.1%
(2012 est.)
Serbia household consumption: 79.3%
government consumption: 20.2%
investment in fixed capital: 17.3%
investment in inventories: 0.7%
exports of goods and services: 43.2%
imports of goods and services: -60.8%
(2012 est.)
Seychelles household consumption: 99.1%
government consumption: 13.4%
investment in fixed capital: 37.2%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 41.1%
imports of goods and services: -101.2%
(2012 est.)
Sierra Leone household consumption: 82.4%
government consumption: 8.8%
investment in fixed capital: 38.9%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 13.1%
imports of goods and services: -43.1%
(2012 est.)
Singapore household consumption: 39.2%
government consumption: 9.7%
investment in fixed capital: 24.1%
investment in inventories: 2.9%
exports of goods and services: 200.7%
imports of goods and services: -178.5%
(2012 est.)
Slovakia household consumption: 57.3%
government consumption: 17.6%
investment in fixed capital: 21.5%
investment in inventories: -0.8%
exports of goods and services: 95.6%
imports of goods and services: -90.6%
(2012 est.)
Slovenia household consumption: 58.3%
government consumption: 20.6%
investment in fixed capital: 17.4%
investment in inventories: -0.3%
exports of goods and services: 75%
imports of goods and services: -71%
(2012 est.)
South Africa household consumption: 60.4%
government consumption: 22.4%
investment in fixed capital: 19.2%
investment in inventories: 1%
exports of goods and services: 28.3%
imports of goods and services: -31.3%
(2012 est.)
South Sudan household consumption: 34.9%
government consumption: 17.1%
investment in fixed capital: 10.4%
exports of goods and services: 64.9%
imports of goods and services: -27.2%
(2011 est.)
Spain household consumption: 59.2%
government consumption: 20.1%
investment in fixed capital: 19.1%
investment in inventories: 0.5%
exports of goods and services: 32.2%
imports of goods and services: -31.1%
(2012 est.)
Sri Lanka household consumption: 69.6%
government consumption: 13.5%
investment in fixed capital: 28.9%
investment in inventories: 1.8%
exports of goods and services: 22.8%
imports of goods and services: -36.5%
(2012 est.)
Sudan household consumption: 65.1%
government consumption: 10.9%
investment in fixed capital: 27.2%
investment in inventories: 3.3%
exports of goods and services: 7%
imports of goods and services: -13.4%
(2012 est.)
Suriname household consumption: 81%
government consumption: 18.4%
investment in fixed capital: 19.7%
investment in inventories: -19.8%
exports of goods and services: 53.9%
imports of goods and services: -53.2%
(2012 est.)
Swaziland household consumption: 85.5%
government consumption: 23.3%
investment in fixed capital: 10.3%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 51.7%
imports of goods and services: -70.8%
(2012 est.)
Sweden household consumption: 48.4%
government consumption: 26.9%
investment in fixed capital: 18.9%
investment in inventories: -0.3%
exports of goods and services: 48.8%
imports of goods and services: -42.6%
(2012 est.)
Switzerland household consumption: 58%
government consumption: 11.2%
investment in fixed capital: 20%
investment in inventories: 1.1%
exports of goods and services: 51.1%
imports of goods and services: -41%
(2012 est.)
Syria household consumption: 69.4%
government consumption: 17.2%
investment in fixed capital: 20.5%
investment in inventories: 8.4%
exports of goods and services: 13.9%
imports of goods and services: -29.4%
(2012 est.)
Taiwan household consumption: 60.3%
government consumption: 12.4%
investment in fixed capital: 19.5%
investment in inventories: 0.3%
exports of goods and services: 73.7%
imports of goods and services: -66.2%
(2012 est.)
Tajikistan household consumption: 81.5%
government consumption: 26.2%
investment in fixed capital: 16.6%
investment in inventories: 14.2%
exports of goods and services: 10.6%
imports of goods and services: -49.1%
(2012 est.)
Tanzania household consumption: 63.9%
government consumption: 21.5%
investment in fixed capital: 36.9%
investment in inventories: 0.4%
exports of goods and services: 40%
imports of goods and services: -62.8%
(2012 est.)
Thailand household consumption: 55.3%
government consumption: 13.6%
investment in fixed capital: 28.5%
investment in inventories: 1.2%
exports of goods and services: 75%
imports of goods and services: -73.8%
(2012 est.)
Timor-Leste household consumption: 28.8%
government consumption: 25.1%
investment in fixed capital: 13.3%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 74.9%
imports of goods and services: -42.2%
(2012 est.)
Togo household consumption: 88.8%
government consumption: 12.3%
investment in fixed capital: 25.4%
investment in inventories: -0.2%
exports of goods and services: 39.3%
imports of goods and services: -66.8%
(2012 est.)
Tonga household consumption: 97.7%
government consumption: 17%
investment in fixed capital: 29.2%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 17.5%
imports of goods and services: -61.4%
(2012 est.)
Trinidad and Tobago household consumption: 58.1%
government consumption: 17.1%
investment in fixed capital: 15.6%
investment in inventories: -25%
exports of goods and services: 96.6%
imports of goods and services: -62.4%
(2012 est.)
Tunisia household consumption: 66.6%
government consumption: 19%
investment in fixed capital: 22.3%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 49.4%
imports of goods and services: -57.3%
(2012 est.)
Turkey household consumption: 70%
government consumption: 14.7%
investment in fixed capital: 20.3%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 26.4%
imports of goods and services: -31.6%
(2012 est.)
Turkmenistan household consumption: 50%
government consumption: 12.9%
investment in fixed capital: 10.6%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 62.7%
imports of goods and services: -36.2%
(2012 est.)
Turks and Caicos Islands household consumption: 30.8%
government consumption: 17.1%
investment in fixed capital: 50.3%
exports of goods and services: 81.9%
imports of goods and services: -80.1%
(2012 est.)
Uganda household consumption: 86.3%
government consumption: 8.7%
investment in fixed capital: 24.6%
investment in inventories: 0.2%
exports of goods and services: 21.2%
imports of goods and services: -41%
(2012 est.)
Ukraine household consumption: 70.8%
government consumption: 19.4%
investment in fixed capital: 18.9%
investment in inventories: -0.6%
exports of goods and services: 50.9%
imports of goods and services: -59.3%
(2012 est.)
United Arab Emirates household consumption: 50.5%
government consumption: 7.1%
investment in fixed capital: 29%
investment in inventories: 0.9%
exports of goods and services: 86.6%
imports of goods and services: -74.1%
(2012 est.)
United Kingdom household consumption: 65.8%
government consumption: 22.1%
investment in fixed capital: 14.2%
investment in inventories: 0.3%
exports of goods and services: 31.7%
imports of goods and services: -34%
(2012 est.)
United States household consumption: 70.9%
government consumption: 19.5%
investment in fixed capital: 12.8%
investment in inventories: 0.4%
exports of goods and services: 13.9%
imports of goods and services: -17.5%
(2012 est.)
Uruguay household consumption: 68.5%
government consumption: 12.9%
investment in fixed capital: 21.4%
investment in inventories: 0.4%
exports of goods and services: 26.1%
imports of goods and services: -29.4%
(2012 est.)
Uzbekistan household consumption: 55.7%
government consumption: 16.6%
investment in fixed capital: 23.5%
investment in inventories: 4.9%
exports of goods and services: 27.2%
imports of goods and services: -27.9%
(2011 est.)
Vanuatu household consumption: 58.5%
government consumption: 16.5%
investment in fixed capital: 22.2%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 52.2%
imports of goods and services: -49.4%
(2012 est.)
Venezuela household consumption: 58.9%
government consumption: 12.2%
investment in fixed capital: 19.9%
investment in inventories: 6.1%
exports of goods and services: 25.8%
imports of goods and services: -22.9%
(2012 est.)
Vietnam household consumption: 62.2%
government consumption: 6.3%
investment in fixed capital: 28.2%
investment in inventories: 3.2%
exports of goods and services: 82.2%
imports of goods and services: -82.1%
(2012 est.)
West Bank household consumption: 92.5%
government consumption: 24.5%
investment in fixed capital: 22.5%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 19.8%
imports of goods and services: -59.3%
(2012 est.)
World household consumption: 62%
government consumption: 18.5%
investment in fixed capital: 19.4%
investment in inventories: 0.5%
exports of goods and services: 29.3%
imports of goods and services: -29.7%
(2011 est.)
Yemen household consumption: 77.3%
government consumption: 14.3%
investment in fixed capital: 18%
investment in inventories: -4.1%
exports of goods and services: 19.7%
imports of goods and services: -25.2%
(2012 est.)
Zambia household consumption: 59.5%
government consumption: 26%
investment in fixed capital: 19.5%
investment in inventories: 1.1%
exports of goods and services: 36.6%
imports of goods and services: -42.7%
(2012 est.)
Zimbabwe household consumption: 68%
government consumption: 29.4%
investment in fixed capital: 21.9%
exports of goods and services: 67.9%
imports of goods and services: -87.1%
(2012 est.)
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