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India-Central Asia Virtual Summit.
Jan 28, 2022
Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi hosted the first India-Central Asia Summit in virtual format on 27 January 2022, which was attended by Presidents of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Republic of Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Republic of Uzbekistan. This first India-Central Asia coincided with the 30th anniversary of establishment of diplomatic relations between India and Central Asian countries.
During the Summit, Prime Minister Modi and the Central Asian Leaders discussed the next steps in taking India-Central Asia relations to new heights. In a historic decision, the Leaders agreed to institutionalize the Summit mechanism by deciding to hold it every 2 years. They also agreed on regular meetings of Foreign Ministers, Trade Ministers, Culture Ministers and Secretaries of the Security Council to prepare the groundwork for the Summit meetings. An India-Central Asia Secretariat in New Delhi would be set up to support the new mechanism.
The Leaders discussed far-reaching proposals to further cooperation in areas of trade and connectivity, development cooperation, defence and security and, in particular, on cultural and people to people contacts. These included a Round-Table on Energy and Connectivity; Joint Working Groups at senior official level on Afghanistan and use of Chabahar Port; showcasing of Buddhist exhibitions in Central Asian countries and commissioning of an India-Central Asia dictionary of common words, joint counter-terrorism exercises, visit of 100 member youth delegation annually from Central Asian countries to India and special courses for Central Asian diplomats.
Prime Minister Modi also discussed the evolving situation in Afghanistan with the Central Asian leaders. The leaders reiterated their strong support for a peaceful, secure and stable Afghanistan with a truly representative and inclusive government. Prime Minister conveyed India’s continued commitment to provide humanitarian assistance to the Afghan people.
A comprehensive Joint Declaration was adopted by the leaders that enumerates their common vision for an enduring and comprehensive India-Central Asia partnership.
Center & States should promote organic and natural farming to lower cost of production and increase farmers’ income: Agriculture Minister.
Jan 28, 2022
Addressing the National conference on Agriculture for Summer Campaign 2021-22 today through video-conferencing, Union Agriculture Minister, Shri Narendra Kumar Tomar said that summer crops not only provide extra income but also create employment opportunities in between Rabi and Kharif for the farmers thereby increasing crop intensity. The Government has taken new initiatives through various programmes for cultivation of summer crops such as pulses, coarse cereals, nutri-cereals, and oilseeds. Though more than half of cultivated area in summer season is under pulses, oilseeds and nutri-cereals, the farmers with irrigation source are growing rice and vegetables during the summer season. He highlighted that area under cultivation of zaid crops including rice has increased progressively 2.7 times from 29.71 lakh hectares in 2017-18 to 80.46 lakh hectares in 2020-21.
The objective of Zaid conference is to review and assess the crop performance during the preceding crop seasons and fix crop-wise targets for summer season in consultation with State Governments. The Minister assured full support to ensure supply of critical inputs and facilitate adoption of innovative technologies with a view to enhance production and productivity of the crops. The priority of government is to increase production of oilseeds and pulses where large imports are required.
Speaking on the new varieties developed by the ICAR, Shri Tomar said that States should use new varieties of seeds for better production of summer crops. The Minister also asked States to plan in advance for their fertilizers needs and provide estimates to the center so that fertilizer department can provide sufficient fertilizers timely. He also suggested that States should increase the use of NPK and liquid urea and reduce the dependence on DAP fertilizers.
Regarding training to the farmers, Agriculture Minister asked Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) and Agricultural Technology Management Agency (ATMA) to jointly conduct the essential training for the small and marginal farmers so that new technology and knowledge reach the grassroots level.
In spite of difficult time due to Covid, country produced 3086.47 lakh tonnes of food grains during 2020-21 (4th Advance Estimates), which will be an all-time record. Pulses and oilseed production has also achieved all time high at 257.19 and 361.01 lakh tonnes, respectively. Production of cotton is being estimated at 353.84 lakh bales with which India is set to rise to the first position in the world. On the production and productivity fronts, the horticulture sector has also outperformed conventional food grain crops.
Addressing the Conference, Sh. Kailash Choudhary, MoS for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare told the states that special focus is now given to increase production of oilseeds and pulses and make country self-reliant. Regarding the promotion of organic and natural farming, Shri Choudhary advised States to send proposals to certify the entire block or area as organic/natural farming block so that farmers who belong to that area need not apply for certificate individually. He also asked States to provide market for organic farmers.
Addressing the States Secretary, Department of Fertilizers said that adequate and timely availability of fertilizers would be ensured. He also gave estimated availability of fertilizers for Kharif 2022. The total availability of Urea is likely to be 255.28 (LMT), of DAP 81.24, of MOP 18.50, of NPKS 76.87 and of SSP 34. Secretary, DARE and DG, ICAR highlighted the latest technological advances made for cultivation of summer crops.
National and state wise targets for pulses, oilseeds and nutri-cereals were set for the summer 2021-22. Compared to 40.85 lakh hectares under these crops in 2020-21, an area of 52.72 lakh hectares will be covered during 2021-22 in the country. Pulses will cover 21.05 lakh hectares while 13.78 and 17.89 lakh hectares will be brought under oilseeds and nutri-cereals, respectively. Pulses and oilseeds will be promoted through Targeted Rice Fallow Area sub-component of NFSM and NFSM (OS&OP). These will also be supported as inter-crops in Sugarcane and Oil Palm.
A presentation by Joint Secretary (Crops and Oil Seeds) highlighted the rain fall situation, region wise live storage of water in major reservoirs, season wise estimated area coverage under different crops, trend and area coverage under Zaid/summer, Existing support programmes for summer crops and State wise area projected for coverage under Zaid/summer crops 2022.
During the conference ‘Working manual on Indian Seed Certification’ was released. Presentations on PM KISAN e-KYC and presentation on Farmers’ database were also made during the conference for the benefit of the States.
Secretary (Agriculture) Shri Sanjay Agarwal and other senior officers from DA&FW, ICAR and officers of different State Governments participated in the National Conference through video conferencing. An interaction session was also organized with Agriculture Production Commissioners and Principal Secretaries of all the States in four groups to share the achievements, challenges and strategies to be adopted in respective states for increasing area coverage, production and productivity during summer/Zaid season in agriculture sector.
India-Uzbek PTA talks gather momentum coinciding with Central Asia summit.
Jan 28, 2022
Ahead of the India-Central Asia summit on Thursday, India and Uzbekistan have fast-tracked talks for a bilateral trade pact, the first for India in that region.
The first round of joint working group meetings with Uzbekistan was held in the first week of January and the inter-governmental commission on trade is also scheduled this month.
'A trade pact with Uzbekistan is of strategic importance, especially after the political changes in Afghanistan,' said an official, who did not wish to be identified.
India and Uzbekistan had signed a joint statement in September 2019 to carry out a joint feasibility study for entering into negotiations for a preferential trade agreement (PTA).
The proposed PTA will contribute to fast-tracking India’s connectivity to the landlocked region and vice versa. Smoother connectivity will also enable India to boost PTA, said an expert on Central Asia. The PTA with Uzbekistan will also enable India to tap into the markets of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan.
The Indo-Uzbek PTA is also expected to contribute to the proposed free trade agreement (FTA) between India and the Eurasian Economic Union. Talks between India-Eurasian Economic Union have gained momentum and negotiations are expected to be held in the near future. The proposed India-Uzbek PTA and FTA between India and Eurasian Economic Union is politically significant, raising India’s stakes in the region. Russia has thrown its weight behind India’s moves to increase presence in Central Asia and Eurasia.
In April-November 2021, India’s exports to Uzbekistan amounted to $176.22 million, led by pharmaceuticals, mechanical equipment, vehicle parts, services, optical instruments and equipment. India’s imports from Uzbekistan, at $14.58 million during the period, consisted largely of fruit and vegetable products, services, fertilisers, juice products and extracts, and lubricants.
The official said India is keen to export goods worth $500 billion next year, which is why it is scouting for new markets through trade agreements.
Notable Indian investments in Uzbekistan by Indian companies include those in the field of pharmaceuticals, amusement parks, automobile components and hospitality industry. Indian firms like GMR have expressed interest in investment in airports, development of the air corridor and Navoi cargo complex in Uzbekistan. Mumbai’s Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital has expressed interest in setting up a specialty hospital, according to a note of the external affairs ministry.
In October 2019, Amity University and Sharda University opened campuses in Tashkent and Andijan respectively. Indian institutions like iCreate are actively cooperating with Uzbek counterparts for promoting the startup ecosystem in Uzbekistan and training entrepreneurs in setting up incubators.
Dev IT has entered into bilateral cooperation in field research, technologies, startups and innovations with budding Uzbek partners. NTPC is also participating in various tenders, including solar PV power plants and consultancy assignments for gas projects in Uzbekistan.
Meanwhile, India and Uzbekistan are in talks for a bilateral investment treaty.
Bangladesh top destination for Indian pomegranates.
Jan 28, 2022
Bangladesh has emerged as the top destination for exported Indian pomegranates over the last few years. Ease of transportation and relatively relaxed import norms have helped Indian growers take their fruit to Bangladesh even as the share of export to European countries has dropped.
Grown mostly in Maharashtra, Karnataka and Gujarat, pomegranate has emerged as a major export crop for drought-prone areas of the state. Over the years, Indian exports have become stagnant at around 50,000-60,000 tonnes as concerns over the quality of the fruit eclipsed the growth potential. While the European Union is a major market where the fruit fetches premium prices, the standards governing quality are higher there.
Prabhakar Chandane, president of All India Pomegranate Growers Association, said non-availability of export-ready fruit has, over the years, seen European markets slipping slowly out of Indian exporters’ hands. Last fiscal, India had exported 68,502.9 tonnes of the fruit, of which 36,906.77 tonnes had gone to Bangladesh. In the current fiscal, of the 53,524.31 tonnes of the fruit, 31,185.84 tonnes have been exported to Bangladesh.
One of the main reasons for the neighbouring country emerging as a major export destination is the ease of transport and the relatively relaxed quality norms. 'Last three years, just before the season, unseasonal rains and attack of mildew have affected our ability to export,' said Chandane.
'The fruit can be exported to Bangladesh round the year and thus we can send our produce even when the European season is over,' he said.
While exports have taken a hit, registration of farmers who are ready to export their produce have seen a sizeable jump. The Agriculture department registers plots for export and outlines steps to ensure the fruits meet the prescribed residue content. The steps include measured application of pesticides and fungicides, which could be detected in residue levels before exports. This fiscal, 5,000 farms have to registered, of which 1,000 have been registered.
Iranian Foreign Minister to visit next week amid unrest in Gulf.
Jan 28, 2022
India is expected to host Iranian foreign minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian next week, close on the heels of the India-Central Asia summit, amid tension in the Gulf region that could adversely impact energy prices and the humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan.
This would be the Iranian foreign minister’s maiden visit since his appointment last year. The agenda of the visit will include the Afghan situation, transit to Afghanistan and Central Asia, current developments in West Asia following the UAE-Houthi battle and trade ties, according to people aware of the matter.
The other issue that will figure high on the agenda of talks between the visiting minister and his Indian counterpart is the optimum use of Chabahar Port. While Iran will help in the transit of Indian wheat consignment to Afghanistan, the Taliban regime under Pakistan’s influence might try to limit India’s access to the port.
India is extremely keen to use the port for connectivity to Central Asia. India, Iran and Afghanistan had entered into a trilateral arrangement for the use of Chabahar Port under the erstwhile Ghani government. Later, India-Iran-Uzbekistan formed a trilateral for the use of the strategically located port and there was speculation that Afghanistan might join to make it a quadrilateral of sorts.
Besides, a preferential trade agreement with Iran is on the cards. India is keen to push the International North South Transport Corridor (INSTC) for connectivity to Russia via Iran. There are plans by India, Iran and Russia to link the Chabahar Port with the INSTC which would also enable the Central Asian states to access the Indian Ocean Region via the port. Iran’s entry into the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation as a member could further bolster India-Iran ties in the region.
Ahead of the visit, Amir-Abdollahian sent Republic Day greetings and called for expansion of all-out relations. “Warm wishes to my colleague Indian FM@DrSJaishankar and the government and people of the Republic of India as they celebrate their Republic Day. Will continue to work towards further expansion of all-out relations, bilaterally, regionally and at international fora,” he tweeted on Tuesday.
The recent developments in the Gulf are a cause for worry for India as the situation might lead to a surge in oil prices if the conflict lingers and spreads. Besides, the developments may once again sharpen divergences between various actors in the region, requiring India to bring all its experience in balancing its approach which has been appreciated by all states in the region. India enjoys enormous goodwill across the Arab world.
Iran, like India, favours an inclusive regime in Kabul that comprises representatives from all ethnic communities. The issue is expected to figure high on the agenda of Jaishankar’s meeting with Amir-Abdollahian. The two had met twice last year.
Iran, which has centuries-old cultural and political influence in Afghanistan as a neighbour, does not want to play second fiddle to Pakistan. It is keen to push representation of Hazaras – Shias, who account for 10 per cent of Afghanistan’s population – in Kabul’s power structure and safeguard their future.
India's 2021-22 sugar production to rise 2.90 pc to 31.9 mn tons.
Jan 28, 2022
Sugar production in India, the world's second largest producing nation after Brazil, is estimated to increase by 2.90 per cent to 31.9 million tonnes in the ongoing 2021-22 marketing year, according to the first estimate released by the trade body AISTA on Thursday. With estimated production of 31.9 million tonnes plus opening stock of 8.3 million tonnes with mills, the total availability of sugar in the country is expected to be 40.2 million tonnes in the current marketing year, slightly lower than the previous year, it said.
However, the supply of sugar in the country would be sufficient to meet the domestic consumption, which is estimated to be at 27 million tonnes in the 2021-22 marketing year, it added.
Sugar marketing year runs from October to September.
In case of exports, the All India Sugar Trade Association (AISTA) said the outbound shipments are estimated to be lower at 6 million tonnes in the current 2021-22 marketing year, as against 7.2 million tonnes in the previous year.
'The actual exports in 2021-22, would depend upon the level of domestic sugar prices vis-a-vis international sugar prices,' the trade body noted.
According to the AISTA's first estimate, the country's sugar production is expected to be at 31.9 million tonnes in the 2021-22 marketing year, as against 31 million tonnes in the previous year.
Out of the total estimated sugar production for this year, mills in Uttar Pradesh -- the country's leading sugar producing state -- are estimated to produce 10.5 million tonnes of the sweetener in the 2021-22 marketing year, lower than 11.1 million tonnes in the previous year.
However, production in Maharashtra -- the country's second largest sugar producing state -- is estimated to be higher at 11.5 million tonnes, as against 10.7 million tonnes, while that of in Karnataka -- the country's third largest sugar producing state -- the production is expected to be 4.8 million tonnes, as against 4.7 million tonnes in the said period.
Sugar production is pegged to be slightly higher at 1.1 million tonnes in Gujarat, at 1 million tonnes in Tamil Nadu, and at 3 million tonnes in other states, the data showed.
'The above estimates of 31.9 million tonnes of sugar production excludes the diversion of sucrose for ethanol production,' AISTA said.
It is estimated that 3.1 million tonnes of sucrose would get diverted in the current marketing year for ethanol production from B-heavy molasses and sugarcane juice, it added.
AISTA also said the domestic sugar consumption is estimated to increase by 2 per cent to 27 million tonnes in the 2021-22 marketing year, from 26.5 million tonnes in the previous year.
The first estimate has been arrived at after considering the estimated sugarcane production, sugar production, recovery rate and drawl rate achieved so far in the current marketing year, as well as likely diversion of sucrose for production of ethanol from B-heavy molasses, it said.
Sugarcane crushing is going on, AISTA said and added that it will come out with a second production estimate for the 2021-22 marketing year by February-end or early March.
Govt targets 29% increase in area under summer crops.
Jan 28, 2022
The Centre has set a target to increase area under zaid crops (excluding paddy) — grown between rabi and kharif seasons — by 29 per cent at 52.72 lakh hectares (lh) this year. Of this, 21.05 lh will be under pulses, 13.78 lh under oilseeds and 17.89 lh under coarse cereals.
Paddy area in the last summer season was about 40 lh and that may remain in the range of 30-40 lh this year though the government wants diversification from rice, an official said. Summer rice is grown mainly in West Bengal, Telangana, Karnataka, Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Tamil Nadu and Bihar.
Pulses , cereals
Among pulses, moong is the most preferred one and the government targets 17.58 lh under summer moong, mainly in Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh, against 14.45 lh actual last year. In oilseeds, major summer grown crops are groundnut and sesame where the targets are fixed at 7.6 lh and 5.25 lh, respectively. Among coarse cereals, summer maize has been targeted in an area of 8.79 lh against 7.85 lh actual last year.
The additional area increase targeted is to come from rice fallows, inter-cropping in oil palm and sugarcane, besides the normal summer areas, the official said.
Post-monsoon, the country received 44 per cent more than normal rains at 177.7 mm during October-December and in the first three weeks of January the rainfall was nearly three times higher than average at 31.8 mm.
Addressing the annual conference on summer crops, Union Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar said the objective of the conference was to review the performance of these crops during the preceding three cropping seasons and fix crop-wise targets for the coming summer season in consultation with the State governments. The priority of government is to increase production of oilseeds and pulses where large imports are required, he said.
Tomar also asked participating States in the conference to plan in advance for their fertilisers needs and provide estimates to the Centre and ensure sufficient quantity of crop nutrients are made available in time. He suggested that States should work towards increasing the use of NPK and liquid urea to reduce the dependence on DAP fertiliser.
The Fertilisers Secretary Rajesh Kumar Chaturvedi said that adequate and timely availability of fertilisers would be ensured in ensuing season and the government has estimated total availability of urea at 255.28 lakh tonnes (lt), DAP 81.24 lt, MOP 18.50 lt, NPKS 76.87 lt and SSP 34 lt for Kharif 2022.
Onion exporters hope for good season ahead as competition in export market hots up.
Jan 28, 2022
Higher prices of Indian onions could impact exports. Between April and November 2021, exports have been in the range of the 10.55 lakh tonne, according to senior horticulture officials. Onion exports in the 2020-21 season were 15.75 lakh tonne, despite the pandemic situation.
Ajit Shah, president, Horticulture Produce Exporters Association, pointed out that the Indian onion is quoted higher in the export market and, therefore, exports have been affected.
Onion supplies from Pakistan are quoted at $300 a tonne whereas the Indian stock is quoting at $500, he said. Moreover, the kharif crop was damaged due to heavy rains across onion-growing states, affecting the quality of the bulb, and thus, impacting onion shipments from the country.
Onion prices have been on the higher side despite good arrivals. On Thursday, market arrivals at Lasalgaon, the country’s largest wholesale market for onion, were 17,000 quintals with modal prices touching Rs 2,100 per quintal. Prices were Rs 2,250 per quintal on Tuesday.
Normally, onions are exported throughout the year, but the rabi crop, which is sown in December- January and harvested post-March comprises majority of the export basket due to lower moisture content and longer shelf life of the bulb.
Shah said that with the new crop expected to hit the market in the next fortnight, prices are likely to come down and India could then become competitive in the export market. So far, since the Indian onion has been more expensive, importing countries have been looking to Pakistan and Iran.
The late kharif onion will soon be harvested and the rabi onion should be ready for harvesting March onwards, traders said, adding that there is no cause for worry as onion production is expected to be good.
Govind Hande, technical officer, exports, Maharashtra Horticulture Department, said that the last couple of seasons have been bad both for the farmer and exporter due to incessant rains but exports should begin to pick up from February onwards.
India exported 15.88 lakh tonne in the 2017-18 season, 21.82 lakh tonne in the 2018-19 season, 18.49 lakh tonne in the 2019-20 and 15.75 lakh tonne in 2020-21. In FY21, India exported $378 million worth of onions, 15% higher than the previous year.
The top exporting destinations are Bangladesh ($101 million), Malaysia ($62 million), the United Arab Emirates ($44 million) and Sri Lanka ($42 million). Indian onions have some established markets, especially in West Asian countries, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and the UK, among others.
India Honey Alliance to host ‘Hive to Home 3.0’.
Jan 28, 2022
India Honey Alliance (IHA), a collaboration of the entire honey value chain across the country, is conducting 'Hive to Home 3.0' - an informative and interactive webinar where the experts will share their insights on the various Government schemes, scientific and technical information and initiatives to promote beekeeping in India.
This is the third webinar from IHA which will focus on bee-keeping and related issues faced by beekeepers. The virtual session is scheduled on Friday, January 28, 2022, and is open to the general public by registering on the India Honey Alliance Website.
Deepak Jolly, secretary general for IHA, said, 'To achieve IHA’s vision of the ‘Golden revolution' in the country, there is a dire need for increased collaboration across the value chain. Beekeeping as an industry is not much talked about and it is time that we all work together towards developing and promoting beekeeping across the country. This webinar will again bring forth valuable insights from experts towards providing solutions for issues faced by the beekeepers, the initiatives taken by Government towards promoting beekeeping and the best practices that we can adapt for the larger benefit of the industry and the beekeepers.'
The webinar will feature talks by eminent experts such as Scientists, representatives from Government bodies, Industry experts, Beekeepers and NGOs/ welfare bodies. The speaker panel will include Pankaj Prasad, additional MD NAFED; Dr Naveen Patle, ED-NBB; Dr Lakshmi Rao, assistant director, CBRTI; Sitaram Gupta, founder Samridhh Bharat Abhiyan; Ajay Saini, bee-keeper and entrepreneur; and will be moderated by Vinit Singh, foremost Honey aggregator from Bharatpur.
Namrata Khanna, director, India Honey Alliance, said, 'Working closely with all the key stakeholders across the honey industry is extremely essential towards achieving our long term vision of making Indian honey the most preferred honey in the global and the domestic market. Beekeepers are the focal point for all developmental programmes envisaged by the India Honey Alliance and they play an instrumental role in shaping the future of the honey industry in India. While our first two webinars focused on 'The Journey of Honey', from collection to processing and the testing techniques and the benefits of honey for all of us, this one will specifically focus on beekeepers and measures to promote beekeeping.'
FSSAI issues draft for amending regulations related to salt, atta.
Jan 28, 2022
The food authority has issued a draft for amending the Food Safety and Standards (Food Products Standards and Food Additives) Regulations related to salt, ‘Atta (wheat flour and resultant wheat flour), millets and papad.
Low Sodium Salt, the draft says, means crystalline solid material with reduced sodium content obtained from evaporation of natural brines (sea/subsoil or lake brines) by replacement of sodium chloride with potassium chloride as per the permitted levels with moisture not more than 1%, and 60-75% sodium chloride by weight on dry basis.
For Refined Iodized Salt, the parameters are set at 1% moisture, 98% sodium chloride, max 0.15% alkalinity as Na2Co3 and pH range of 6.0-7.5.
Meanwhile, according to the draft, Wheat Flour (Atta) means the product obtained exclusively by milling or grinding of clean wheat, and Resultant Wheat Flour (Resultant Atta) means the product obtained by blending of various fractions in roller mills after separating semolina and/or maida during the processing of wheat.
These products need to comply with the parameters including not more than 13.0 % moisture by mass, not less than 7% gluten on dry mass basis, not less than 2.5% crude fibre and not less than 98% granularity by mass.
Also, the draft proposes that all the millets to come under one heading number 23-Millets of these regulations. The millets include (i) Amaranthus (Chaulai/Rajgira)-Amaranthuscaudatus, A. cruentus, A. hypochondriacus (ii) Barnyard Millet (Samakechawal/Sanwa/Jhangora)-Echinochloa crus-galli, E. colona (iii) Brown top (Korale)-Urochloaramosa (iv) Buckwheat (Kuttu)-Fagopyrumesculentum (v) Crab finger (Sikiya)-Digitariasanguinalis (vi) Finger Millet (Ragi/Mandua)-Eleusinecoracana (vii) Fonio (Acha)-Digitariaexilis (White fonio); D. iburua (Black fonio) (viii) Foxtail Millet (Kangni/Kakun)-Setariaitalica (ix) Job's tears (Adlay) - Coixlachryma-jobi (x) Kodo Millet (Kodo)-Paspalumscorbiculatum (xi) Little Millet (Kutki)-Panicumsumatrense (xii) Pearl Millet (Bajra)-Pennisetumglaucum, Pennisetumamericanum, Pennisetumtyphyoideum (xiii) Proso Millet (Cheena)-Panicummiliaceum (xiv) Sorghum (Jowar)-Sorghum bicolor and (xv) Teff (Lovegrass)-Eargrostistef.
The standard under these regulations applies to the whole or dehulled millets.
Further, the FSSAI proposes to include standards for Papad. According to the draft, papad/papadum means a product, obtained from a blend of cereal flour, millet flour, pulse flour, processed soya flour, fruits and vegetables, vegetable juices, edible vegetable oils, and/or spices either singly or in combination.
The papad should be labelled according to the major ingredient such as in case potato/banana/jack fruit/sweet potato/tapioca is the major ingredient, it should be prefixed before ‘Papad’ on the label.
The parameters include, not more than 11% moisture, 0.2% alcoholic acidity –with 90% alcohol expressed as H2SO4.
Egypt’s GASC seeks wheat in new international tender.
Jan 28, 2022
Egypt's General Authority for Supply Commodities (GASC) set a tender on Thursday to buy an unspecified amount of wheat from global suppliers for shipment from 5-15 March and/or 16-26 March.
Deadline for offers is Jan. 28 and payment is at sight, it said.
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