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Certificates of Origin
The Certificate of Origin is required by the custom authority of the importing country for the purpose of imposing import duty. It is usually issued by the Chamber of Commerce and contains information like seal of the chamber, details of the good to be transported and so on.The certificate must provide that the information required by the credit and be consistent with all other document, It would normally include :
  • The name of the company and address as exporter.
  • The name of the importer.
  • Package numbers, shipping marks and description of goods to agree with that on other documents.
  • Any weight or measurements must agree with those shown on other documents.
  • It should be signed and stamped by the Chamber of Commerce.
EIC/EIAs continued to issue Certificates of Origin under various preferential tariff regimes. A total of eight, namely GSP, GSTP, SAPTA, SAFTA, IAPTA, ISFTA, CECA-Singapore, Early Harvest Scheme under Indo-Thailand has been issued. A new preferential tariff scheme was introduced under Indo-Chile PTA which was signed in March 2006 and implemented wef August 2007. During the year 2006-07, the EIAs issued 9,35,379 preferential tariff certificates under various Preferential Tariff Schemes. During April- December 2007, 6,73,147 certificates have been issued by the EIAs under various preferential tariff schemes.
Types Of The Certificate Of Origin :
(a) Non preferential Certificate of Origin : Non-preferential certificate of origin is required in general by all countries for clearance of goods by the importer, on which no preferential tariff is given. It is issued by :
  • The authorised Chamber of Commerce of the exporting country.
  • Trade Association of the exporting country.
(b) Certificate of Origin for availing Concessions under GSP : Certificate. of origin required for availing of concessions under Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) extended by certain countries such as France, Germany, Italy, BENELUX countries, UK, Australia, Japan, USA, etc. This certificate can be obtained from specialised agencies, namely ;
  • Export Inspection Agencies.
  • It. Director General of Foreign Trade.
  • Commodity Boards and their regional offices.
  • Development Commissioner, Handicrafts.
  • Textile Committees for textile products.
  • Marine Products Export Development Authority for marine products.
  • Development Commissioners of EPZs.
(c) Certificate for availing Concessions under Commonwealth Preferences (CWP) : Certificate of origin for the purpose of Commonwealth Preference is also known as 'Combined Certificate of Origin and Value'. Two member countries, Le, require it. Canada and New Zealand of the Commonwealth. For concession under Commonwealth preferences, the certificates or origin have to be submitted in special forms obtainable from the High Commission of the country concerned.
(d) Certificate for availing Concessions under other Systems of. Preference : Certificate of origin is also required for tariff concessions under the Global System of Trade Preferences (GSTP), Bangkok Agreement (BA) and SAARC Preferential Trading Arrangement (SAPTA) under which India grants and receives tariff concessions on imports and exports. Export Inspection Council (EIC) is the sole authority to print blank Certificates of . Origin under BA, SAARC and SAPTA which can be issued by such agencies as EPCs, DCs of EPZs, EIC, APEDA, MPEDA, FIEO, etc.
Contents Of Certificate Of Origin :
  • Name and logo of chamber of commerce.
  • Name and address of the exporter.
  • Name and address of the consignee.
  • Name and the number of Vessel of Flight.
  • Name of the port of loading.
  • Name of the port of discharge and place of delivery.
  • Marks and container number.
  • Packing and container description.
  • Total number of containers and packages.
  • Description of goods in terms of quantity.
  • Signature and initials of the concerned officer of the issuing auth9rity.
  • Seal of the issuing authority.
Significance Of The Certificate Of Origin :
  • Certificate of origin is required for availing of concessions under Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) as well as under Commonwealth Preferences (CWP).
  • It is to be submitted to the customs for the assessment of duty and clearance of goods with concessional duty.
  • It is required when the goods produced in a. particular country are banned for import in the foreign market.
  • It helps the buyer in adhering to the import regulations of the country.
  • Sometimes, in order to ensures that goods bought from some other country have not been reshipped by a seller, a certificate of origin is required.